Reclaiming machine intelligence: the paskian school of architectural cybernetics

Temizel, Ensar
This thesis brings together a series of attempts aimed at creating architectural machines or environments inspired by the field of cybernetics from the 1950s to the present. It particularly dwells on Gordon Pask’s (1928-1996) diverse interactions with architecture and design communities and conceptualizes the research emerging from those interactions as the “Paskian school of architectural cybernetics.” It examines how and why Paskian concepts and ideas have continuously been of interest to architects as a niche research tradition that has been producing novel approaches in modeling human-machine relationship in architectural contexts based on the idea of “conversation” as the quintessential form of interaction. In doing so, it explores different approaches in which Pask’s theories and practices have been reinterpreted in or translated to architecture both by himself and his architect collaborators, students, and followers. The thesis aims to acknowledge and promote the Paskian school of architectural cybernetics as a research tradition that has been offering a distinct perspective for machine intelligence research in architecture by being continuously propagated and sustained via its precise research agenda and devoted community in the last sixty years.


Transformation of architectural space with the aid of artistic production
Özden, Başak; Savaş Sargın, Ayşen; Department of Architecture (2011)
The goal of this thesis is to study the transformation of architectural space with the aid of artistic production. By questioning architectural production as a non-static process open to alteration and intervention, this condition is claimed to enlarge the frontiers of architecture in terms of interdisciplinary contributions and new design methods. Inspired by the course ARCH 524, conducted by Assoc. Prof. Dr. Ayşen Savaş in the METU Department of Architecture, this study aims to understand the possible way...
Collaborative building control: a conceptual mixed-initiative framework
Topak, Fatih; Pekeriçli, Mehmet Koray (Taylor & Francis, 2021-6-22)
In the last two decades, automation systems have shown advanced developments and are widely adopted for various purposes in many fields. However, automation in buildings has not gained popularity and has a low acceptance level amongst the occupants. Decreased perceived control, ever-changing dynamic human needs, and standardized, one-size-fits-all approach in current automation systems lead to disharmony in human-machine coexistence. Although well-established continuous interaction between building control ...
Across the Traces: Lawrence Jordan's Animated Documents
Pinar, Ekin (SAGE Publications, 2020-03-01)
Since the early 1960s, Lawrence Jordan has appropriated a variety of Victorian engravings transforming them into experimental animations through the use of cut-out stop-motion techniques. In their outmoded style and technique, the dense tapestry of collaged ephemera begins to function as indices of their original Victorian context and its printing processes. But the stop-motion manipulation also renders these indexical documents surreal through the juxtaposition of apparently unrelated images. This amounts ...
Reconsidering architectural program within the framework of conjectures and refutations: the design studies journal
Özten, Ülkü; Özkar, Mine; Department of Architecture (2014)
The discussion of program in the field of history and theory of the Modern Movement in architecture enters a new period in the 1960s and 70s under the influence of the strong embodiment of science and technology in the field of design research. Beginning with this period, the idea of program arises both in a series of generations parallel to a specialized, sophisticated understanding of design and as an autonomous professional area of study. While the concept was being largely developed under the influence ...
The Cybernetic relevance of architecture: an essay on Gordon Pask's evolving discourse on architecture
Temizel, Ensar (null; 2020-09-16)
Gordon Pask, as one of the leading figures in the field of cybernetics, had an extensive impact on architecture through his lifelong connections with architectural circles in the UK and the USA from the early 1960s until his death in 1996. He is mostly known to architects by his collaboration with Cedric Price on a number of occasions; however, his affiliation with architecture include several other instances that involved designing architectural projects, teaching in architectural schools, writing on archi...
Citation Formats
E. Temizel, “Reclaiming machine intelligence: the paskian school of architectural cybernetics,” Ph.D. - Doctoral Program, Middle East Technical University, 2022.