KYG İlişkileri ve Ortadoğu'da Devletin Dönüşümü: Türkiye Vaka Çalışması

Ergenç Glauberman, Ceren
Göçer Akder, Derya
Regional integration changes domestic decision-making structures, relations among social forces, and power distribution in different ways. While the EU and ASEAN constitute two different models of institutional regionalization, China’s Belt and Road Initiative (BRI) offers a test case for a new form of informal regionalization. The official discourse of BRI emphasizes economic interdependency over normative political coherence, but this paper claims that China’s BRI involvement leads to state transformation in target countries. Instead of binding legal frameworks, China facilitates alliances with non-state mediators to allocate official funds and therefore tips the balance of power among sub-state level social forces and political factions domestically. The state practice in target countries also changes in the face of this amalgamation of the formal and informal. Turkey in the MENA region, with energy and transportation sectors are presented as case studies for this argument. Turkey’s engagement with the BRI is shaped by concurrent and conflicting decision-making processes and foreign policy informality. This chapter will present how this engagement occurs and whether it adapts or contests the BRI’s framework in the sectors selected as cases. Drawing on elite interviews and process-tracing, the chapter concludes that the ambiguities in China’s BRI diplomacy toward Turkey reinforce and partially reshape the extant tendencies toward informality in decision-making in these sectors.


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Citation Formats
C. Ergenç Glauberman and D. Göçer Akder, KYG İlişkileri ve Ortadoğu’da Devletin Dönüşümü: Türkiye Vaka Çalışması. 2022.