This thesis examines the changing Arctic policy of Soviet Union and Russia between 1922 and 2022 through historical events, theories and personalities’ roles and their effects on alterations that affected Arctic policy making In doing so, the thesis reinforces the idea that main course of both Soviet and Russian policies for the Arctic, changing constantly and adapting itself to the shift in the worlds politics Also, it opposes the idea of the aggressive nature of the Arctic policies mostly postulated in secondary literature and offers a view of the existence of Soviet-Russian defensive policies for the Arctic and their reasoning. This thesis argues that Russia’s return to the Arctic after 2000-2022 and events through this time, turned Arctic a region with vital importance to Russia not just in terms of security challenges but also socio-economic dimensions. In this context, although Russian policies towards the Arctic can be traced back to old Soviet and Tsarist policies, Russian approach to the Arctic zone is still implying international cooperation while, the protection of Russian sovereignty and the development of the Arctic zone remained as a priority for the Russian Federation.


Russian compatriots in the near abroad and the construction of the post-soviet russian identity
Kaya, Rüştü; Kuşçu Bonnenfant, Işık; Department of Eurasian Studies (2016)
This thesis examines the impact of the existence of multimillion Russian diaspora in the former-Soviet republics on the nation building policies of the post-Soviet Russia. With the dissolution of the Soviet Union, twenty-five millions of ethnic Russians found themselves beyond the borders of the Russian Federation. The responsibilities of the newly independent Russian state toward the Russian communities in the Near Abroad and regarding them as an integral part of the Russian state and nation have bocome th...
Mergen, Yasin Mert; Kuşçu Bonnenfant, Işık; Department of Eurasian Studies (2022-10-6)
It is vital to comprehend the ideological aspects of the Russian Federation’s assertive foreign policy to be able to make sense of developments observed in the post-Soviet geography. Understanding the deeper implications of Russian-Ukrainian War (2014 and 2022) necessitates the knowledge of how the Russian state formulates its national interests. Constituting an important dimension of changing metanarratives following the end of the Cold War, the ideational aspects of the Russian Orthodox Church play a role...
Russian nationalism and Moscow's violations of human rights in the Second Chechen War
Tanrısever, Oktay Fırat (2001-12-01)
Conclusion: The use of nationalist discourse in the second Chechen War and the Russian violations of human rights have reconfigured Russian politics along a more nationalist direction. Certainly, this is a setback to Russia's democratic transition process, which has been already complicated by pragmatic politicians seeking to maximize their power and wealth at the expense of masses. In the initial stage of the post-Soviet transition in Russia, the rhetoric of the international community held that Russia nee...
German foreign policy after reunification
Tuna, Hale; Bağcı, Hüseyin; Department of International Relations (1995)
This thesis analyzes effects of the reunification on German foreign policy. It will search for an answer to this popular question: Has Germany become a militarist and expansionist state after the reunification, aiming the fourth Reich? To answer it, developments in global political system will be traced, and within that framework, Germany’s options and restrictions will be analyzed. With the collapse of communist bloc, political system in the world has dramatically changed. Thanks to the European Union, now...
Close encounters between Turkey and the US: American indirect influences on Turkey’s political and socio-cultural life during the 1950s
Yorgun, İbrahim; Akgün, Saadet Seçil; Department of History (2017)
This thesis analyzes indirect American influences on Turkey’s political and socio-cultural Iife during a period when major political changes as well as cultural wars were ignited by the two major world powers: the US and the USSR. This was also the time when the world order was shaped by the Cold War in which Turkey played a major role. The study, without mentioning too much political details related to the major events, also attempts to analyze in a historical context how Turkey was drifted away from her n...
Citation Formats
T. GÜNGÖR, “RUSSIAN POLICY IN THE ARCTIC IN THE POST-COLD WAR PERIOD,” M.S. - Master of Science, Middle East Technical University, 2022.