Architecture Taking Shape Between Nature and Culture: The Primitive Hut as a Man-Made Creation

Architecture’s bounds with nature are represented as a complex process in a perverse cycle in the linear history of architecture and the process is intertwined with human actions, resulting in the built environment. Architecture tries to legitimize itself by incorporating culture to control and spatialize over nature in the socio-cultural dimension. This study aims to analyse architecture as remain in-between nature and culture by problematizing and questioning nature/culture dualism in the context of mimesis. In this way, this research focuses on the statements on mimesis and concerns that mimesis is a natural phenomenon and an artificial invention impacting architecture related to manners and customs collected under the cultural context. The mediating role of culture over nature is traced from the primitive hut which represents the cultural re-evaluation of nature in the most primitive level of architecture and the origins of architecture. The study traces the precedents of the primitive hut from the antiquity at first dwelling house by Vitruvius and other evolving figures as rustic cabin and primordial dwelling by the explicit viewpoints of Marc-Antoine Laugier and Jean Nicolas Louis Durand in the 18th century, and Gottfried Semper in the 19th century. Then this study finds out the paradigm shift on the nature-culture doctrine through rethinking evolving architectural practice until today by regarding nature as a sort of object to be manipulated and exploited as a different ontological reality under the cultural re-evaluation of the nature. In a further investigation, it has resulted that; primitive hut as a typical model is an output of culture with its bounded codes in balance with nature as a result of its evaluation of a critical object through enlightening the mimesis by the architectural existence and literary efforts.


Hesaplamalı Modeller Aracılığıyla Mimari ve Doğal Biçim Türetim İlkelerini İlişkilendirmek
Erdogan, Elif; Sorguç, Arzu (2011-01-01)
The contemporary approach towards architecture is an outcome of cross-fertilization of ideas between computation and biology. Computation, as an interface, instructs analyzing, understanding and reinterpreting the informal structure of natural organizations (such as system, information flow, and process through time) for artificial form generation. Consequently, with the computational theory we are going through a 'rethinking about our environment and restructuring its systems' epoch where processes, relati...
Digital architecture as the extension of physical spaces : asymtote's New York Stock Exchange virtual reality environment
Ayoğlu, Halil; Yalınay, Şebnem; Department of Architecture (2005)
The aim of this thesis is to develop an understanding of digital architecture as an extension to the physical spaces. The thesis claims that Virtual Reality Environments (VREs) coexist, supplement, support and extend the physical environments. VREs enable the users to deal with manipulable, multi-dimensional, interactive digital environment. Asymptote2s New York Stock Exchange Three-Dimensional Trading Floor (NYSE 3DTF) VRE is a significant example to analyze digital architecture in this perspective. The 3D...
Environmental aesthetics of the rural architectural tradition in the Mediterranean highlander settlement: the case study of Ürünlü
Kavas, Kemal Reha; Erzen, Jale Adile; Department of History of Architecture (2009)
This thesis formulates a conceptual framework to account for the rural architectural traditions. The proposal is presented by referring to Ürünlü, a Mediterranean highland settlement in Southwestern Turkey. The thesis' basic assumption is the environmental coherence of the traditional rural culture. Environmental aesthetics provides the conceptual basis through which architectural elements of the environmental coherence are investigated. Environmental aesthetics enhances the inclusive conceptions of "enviro...
Actualization of the virtual: new consideration of space and time in architecture
Küçükbaşlar, Burcu; Yalınay Çinici, Şebnem; Department of Architecture (2006)
This thesis explores the interaction between virtual and actual realms in architecture through digital design process and developing environment qualities thereby. The focus will be on the projects that are designed in digital medium to be generated in physical environment. By examining the design attitude of selected four projects in this context, this thesis claims that the two realms of virtual and actual are interdependent. The framework of the study is based on Gilles Deleuze̕s definitions of أactualiz...
Image manipulation: a post-orthographic design medium
Özkan, Eyüp; Savaş Sargın, Ayşen; Department of Architecture (2019)
This thesis initially aims to reveal representational processes considered as “natural” to architecture. Based on the fact that architecture is reliant on its image, these processes are revisited in their technical terms in order to be able to “denaturalize” architectural design process. Particularly, the consideration of drawing and its technical qualities as inherent to architecture disguises the limitations they impose on the architectural work. Also, the institutionalization of drawing in the educationa...
Citation Formats
F. Topçuoğlu, “Architecture Taking Shape Between Nature and Culture: The Primitive Hut as a Man-Made Creation,” Tasarım + Kuram, vol. 18, no. 35, pp. 1–18, 2022, Accessed: 00, 2022. [Online]. Available: