30 years of gender inequality and implications on curriculum design in open and distance learning

Download
2020-01-01
Koseoglu, Suzan
Öztürk, Tuğba
Ucar, Hasan
Karahan, Engin
Bozkurt, Aras
Gender inequality is a pressing issue on a global scale, yet studies on this important issue have stayed on the margins of open and distance learning (ODL) literature. In this study, we critically analyse a batch of ODL literature that is focused on gender inequality in post-secondary and higher education contexts. We use Therborn’s social justice framework to inform and guide the study. This is a comprehensive social justice lens that sees inequality as “a life and death issue,” approaching empowerment as a central area of concern. Qualitative content analysis of 30 years of peer-reviewed literature reveals patriarchy and ­androcentrism as significant mechanisms that continue to produce gender inequality, in ­particular in women’s access to educational resources and formal learning opportunities. We highlight three themes that emerged in the content analysis: (1) ODL and equal opportunity; (2) Feminism and gender-sensitive curriculum design; and (3) Culturally relevant curriculum design. We critique views of access to technology-enabled education as an instrument for social justice, and provide a pedagogical model for an ODL curriculum centred on empowerment and agency, two concepts closely linked to existential inequality. We argue that such a curriculum is public service and requires a model of education that is based on participation and co-construction, and lies at the intersection of critical, feminist, and culturally relevant pedagogical practices.
Journal of Interactive Media in Education

Suggestions

SEEKING SOCIAL JUSTICE IN THE EDUCATION REFORMS OF THE JDP: A STUDY ON TRANSITION TO HIGHER EDUCATION IN TURKEY
Kalaycıoğlu, Beste; Bayırbağ, Mustafa Kemal; Department of Political Science and Public Administration (2022-2)
This study examines the educational reforms implemented in the JDP period in terms of social justice demand with a specific focus on the transition to higher education policies. It has been claimed that since the beginning of the 2000s, when policy-making practices were reshaped by neoliberalism, the application of populist discourse and an incremental policy-making model together marked the reforms implemented in the field of education in Turkey. The main motivation of the study is to question whether it i...
From gender equality to gender justice : a critical discourse analysis in terms of gender equality in Turkey
Baba, Elif; Ecevit, Fatma Yıldız; Department of Gender and Women's Studies (2019)
The study focuses on the shift in the axis of women's policies from gender equality to gender justice within the last years in Turkey. Gender justice is the reflection of the miscellaneous transformation policy of the neoconservative discourse on women's issues. The study demonstrates that gender justice is designed by the neoconservative discourse to eliminate the role of gender equality on women's policies, by its distortion. Lacking a theoretical background or an effective argument, gender justice reprod...
Gender, policy, place: ladies' clubs in Ankara
Çavdar, Selin; Günay, Baykan; Department of City and Regional Planning (2010)
There is a substantial amount of studies concerning the economic, social and political facades of the gender issue, further supported by gender - space discussions. The main aim of this study, however, is to make a survey and analysis of ladies' clubs established and supported by Greater Ankara Municipality; in order to define their problematic. The study intends to discover and analyze the policies and legislation developed by the administration about Ladies’ Clubs, to map their distribution in the city an...
Reconstruction of female subjectivity in Turkey: neoconservatism and imam-hatip schools
Ataç, Alara; Ayata, Ayşe; Department of Gender and Women's Studies (2019)
From feminist perspective, this thesis attempts to analyze how female subjectivity has been reconstructed through education of Imam-Hatip schools under the impacts of neoconservative ideology since 2002. It is critical to understand rising power of neoconservatism and its impacts on Turkish women, especially after the AKP came into power. The party has developed neoconservatism as new political ideology as counter to secular-Republican ideology, and launched the Islamization project. In this case, the party...
Elements of Open Education: An Invitation to Future Research
Zawacki-Richter, Olaf; et. al. (2020-09-01)
This paper explores elements of open education within the context of higher education. After an introduction to the origins of open education and its theoretical foundations, the topics of open and distance learning, international education issues in open education, open educational practices and scholarship, open educational resources, MOOCs, prior learning accreditation and recognition, and learner characteristics are considered, following the framework of macro, meso, and micro levels of research in open...
Citation Formats
S. Koseoglu, T. Öztürk, H. Ucar, E. Karahan, and A. Bozkurt, “30 years of gender inequality and implications on curriculum design in open and distance learning,” Journal of Interactive Media in Education, vol. 2020, no. 1, pp. 0–0, 2020, Accessed: 00, 2022. [Online]. Available: https://hdl.handle.net/11511/98529.