DOES THE COUNTRY OF ORIGIN OF IMMIGRANTS CHANGE THE IMPORTANCE OF NATIONAL IDENTITY MARKERS IN TÜRKİYE?

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2022-9-12
Özakay, Özgün
The present study aimed to investigate whether the individuals changed their criteria of being Turkish and whether their prejudice was changed when they encountered immigrants from different backgrounds. Participants read two vignettes that were identical except for the immigrant's country of origin, which were Syria or Britain. They were randomly assigned to read one of two versions in the first session. A week later, they re-participated and read the other version, and then their attitudes toward these immigrants, their national identification, and demographic information were collected. Participants' criteria of being Turkish were measured with national identity markers, meaning what characteristics people find important to come someone as Turkish (for instance, civic markers as common rules and land, ethnocultural markers as ancestral origin and culture). Individuals ranked nine markers of being Turkish according to the their importance. The study was conducted with 122 participants, the findings showed that the ranking of Turkish national identity markers did not change according to different immigrants. However, despite this, the participants showed more prejudice toward Syrian immigrant and identified a higher v level of commitment to national identity after reading about the Syrian immigrant. The findings also indicated that attitudes toward target immigrant and national identification predicted the ranking of ethnocultural and civic national identity markers. The results of the ranking of national identity markers have been discussed within the social desirability bias. The differentiation of attitudes towards Syrian immigrants from attitudes towards British immigrants is also discussed in the context of threat, optimal distinctiveness, and status difference.

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Citation Formats
Ö. Özakay, “DOES THE COUNTRY OF ORIGIN OF IMMIGRANTS CHANGE THE IMPORTANCE OF NATIONAL IDENTITY MARKERS IN TÜRKİYE?,” M.S. - Master of Science, Middle East Technical University, 2022.