Assessment of Dewatering Requirements and Dewatering Well Design for an Open Pit Coal Mine in Central Anatolia

Peksezer Sayıt, Ayşe
Yazıcıgil, Hasan
The celtikci Coal Basin is a newly discovered coal basin in Central Anatolia where 11 years of open-cut mining has been planned. The bulk of the mining will be conducted below the regional water table; hence, determination of the dewatering requirements and proper design of the dewatering wells plays a critical role. This study (i) defined the dewatering requirements of the open-pit mine, (ii) established a dewatering well design for the area, and (iii) assessed the anticipated impacts of the dewatering activities. For this purpose, a 3-D numerical groundwater flow model was developed using the FEFLOW software. Yearly dewatering requirements were determined under transient conditions. For the dewatering well simulations, two types of dewatering wells were considered: permanent wells located at the open pit boundary that would increase in number as the excavation proceeds and wells located at the periphery of the yearly excavated area that would be operational for about two years. The simulation results indicated that 894 wells were required to satisfy dry working conditions; the average pumping rate throughout the mine life was calculated as 322 L/s. The impacts of open-pit dewatering on groundwater resources were assessed in terms of spring discharge and base flow rates in the nearby Kirmir stream. As a result of dewatering, most of the village water supply springs and fountains will dry up in the area. In addition, the base flow rates to the Kirmir stream will be decreased by 15%.


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Hydrogeochemical characteristics and quality of groundwater resources in Alpu Coal field to the north of Porsuk Creek are investigated. EC, pH, DO and ORP average value ranges are determined as 438-1227 μS/cm, 7.43-8.69, 3.29-6.05 mg/l and 106-180 mv, respectively in spring waters and as 452-30233 μS/cm, 7.46-8.48, 0.6-6.0 mg/l ve 198- -183 mv, respectively in well waters. All spring waters are in HCO3 - Mg, Mix(Ca-Mg), Ca facies. Groundwater facies, stratigraphically downward: change in the order of HCO3, ...
Citation Formats
A. Peksezer Sayıt and H. Yazıcıgil, “Assessment of Dewatering Requirements and Dewatering Well Design for an Open Pit Coal Mine in Central Anatolia,” MINE WATER AND THE ENVIRONMENT, vol. 41, no. 3, pp. 748–763, 2022, Accessed: 00, 2022. [Online]. Available: