Make it a circular city: Experiences and challenges from European cities striving for sustainability through promoting circular making

Coskun, Aykut
Metta, Julie
Bakırlıoğlu, Yekta
Çay, Damla
Bachus, Kris
© 2022 Elsevier B.V.A growing number of cities are deploying circular economy practices to contribute to the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs). Makerspaces are community-driven initiatives enabling the collaboration between a city's diverse stakeholders in that objective. They can enhance the citizens' contribution to circularity by engaging them in circular ''making'' activities (e.g., reuse, repair, sharing) and by providing them with novel means, skills, and knowledge in these activities. However, cities face various challenges during the process of engaging citizens to create a vibrant circular city. Based on an in-depth analysis of experiences and challenges in seven European cities, which attempted to embrace the SDGs through circular making activities, this paper presents ten engagement-related challenges and five strategies to overcome them. Integrating these challenges and strategies in a strategy-challenge matrix offers several recommendations for cities striving to address SDGs through establishing and maintaining circular makerspaces.
Resources, Conservation and Recycling


Aşkın, Asmin; Akınoğlu, Bülent Gültekin; Kılkış , Şiir; Department of Earth System Science (2022-8-16)
The Sustainable Development Goals, adopted by the United Nations in 2015, aim to create a more equitable and peaceful world and a more livable environment. In this thesis, it is thought that solar energy should be considered within the framework of the Circular Economy in order to be a 100% renewable energy type. In this context, it is researched how to establish a relationship and create synergy between the Circular Economy and solar photovoltaic technologies in Turkey. For this purpose, after the literatu...
Motivators and barriers for green building construction market in Turkey
Gündoğan, Handan; Aydın, İsmail; Altan Sakarya, Ayşe Burcu; Department of Civil Engineering (2012)
‘Green Buildings’ play an important role to increase the implementation of sustainable strategies in the construction industry. Although there is a process of change within Turkish building environment towards implementation of green strategies nowadays, limited research has been conducted to search the reasons that drive the market and the important barriers that block the green building movement. This thesis is intended to fill this gap in the literature and contribute to the field of knowledge regarding ...
Akkar Ercan, Zübeyde Müge (Wiley, 2011-01-01)
This paper aims to explore the success of the recent regeneration efforts in building sustainable communities in historic housing areas of Istanbul that have suffered from growing problems of urban deprivation and poverty. It explains the interplay between conservation, community needs and sustainability, based on the assumption that finding a balance between the needs, aspirations and concerns of local communities and the conservation of the built environments will lead to the creation of more equitable an...
Becoming a neo-liberal city : Ankara north entrance urban transformation project
Gümüş, Nazlı Ayşe; Sargın, Güven Arif; Department of Architecture (2010)
Urban space has begun to be commodified to full extent by the affect of neoliberalism, which is bared upon free flow of capital over a global network of cities. By 1970’s, the phenomenon of globalization made social, political and economic relations all around the world to be redefined under these circumstances. While nation states were altering their role in favor of capital power, early centers of production have come to lose their attractiveness and functions, and in especially developed countries there ...
Sustainable Development of Energy, Water and Environment Systems (SDEWES) Index for policy learning in cities
Kılkış, Şiir (2018-01-01)
Policy learning between cities is a vital process to enable the diffusion of more sustainable practices. The Sustainable Development of Energy, Water and Environment Systems (SDEWES) Index provides a composite indicator to benchmark city performance based on 7 dimensions and 35 main indicators. In this research work, the SDEWES Index is applied to 25 cities. Data are collected, normalised, and aggregated to obtain the results. Stockholm (3.29), Espoo (3.25) and Sevilla (2.98) are the top three cities. An av...
Citation Formats
A. Coskun, J. Metta, Y. Bakırlıoğlu, D. Çay, and K. Bachus, “Make it a circular city: Experiences and challenges from European cities striving for sustainability through promoting circular making,” Resources, Conservation and Recycling, vol. 185, pp. 0–0, 2022, Accessed: 00, 2022. [Online]. Available: