Interaction of Spatial Configurations and Language: An Experimental Inquiry

2022-8-31
Yılmaz, Naz Buse
The perception and description of space are one of the most fundamental phenomena in human cognition and evolution. Knowing where we are and telling allies about it is vital information from an evolutionary perspective. There is more than one way to define spatial scenes, and we choose one of these ways without even realizing it. Literature examines the spatial linguistic systems to find out what drives and provoke these differences. Linguistic elements that define space generally examined as topological descriptions, Frame of References (FoRs) and verbs. The reason for the preference of one spatial term to another is probably related not only to the language level but also to many other cognitive faculties. Topological descriptions or FoRs are generally defined by static scenes in the literature, and attention is drawn to verbs for dynamic scenes. However, topological terms and FoRs that are experimentally studied under static scenes are often referred to as static terms, but they are also used in dynamic scene descriptions in Turkish. Due to this gap in the literature, we set out with the question of whether these terms are affected by the motion axes in dynamical scenes for Turkish spatial language. Assuming that the difference created by the movement axes at the cognitive level must have a possible equivalent in the language, we examined the situations of the egocentric reference frame or topological definition elements in the movement depending on the horizontal and vertical axes. According to the experimental results focusing on the response times, we found that the movement axes and the horizontal movement direction affect comprehension performance of observers.

Suggestions

Emergence of verb and object concepts through learning affordances
Dağ, Nilgün; Kalkan, Sinan; Şahin, Erol; Department of Computer Engineering (2010)
Researchers are still far from thoroughly understanding and building accurate computational models of the mechanisms in human mind that give rise to cognitive processes such as emergence of concepts and language acquisition. As a new attempt to give an insight into this issue, in this thesis, we are concerned about developing a computational model that leads to the emergence of concepts. Speci cally, we investigate how a robot can acquire verb and object concepts through learning affordances, a notion first...
Rapid metabolic evolution in human prefrontal cortex
Fu, Xing; Giavalisco, Patrick; Liu, Xiling; Catchpole, Gareth; Fu, Ning; Ning, Zhi-Bin; Guo, Song; Yan, Zheng; Somel, Mehmet; Paeaebo, Svante; Zeng, Rong; Willmitzer, Lothar; Khaitovich, Philipp (2011-04-12)
Human evolution is characterized by the rapid expansion of brain size and drastic increase in cognitive capabilities. It has long been suggested that these changes were accompanied by modifications of brain metabolism. Indeed, human-specific changes on gene expression or amino acid sequence were reported for a number of metabolic genes, but actual metabolite measurements in humans and apes have remained scarce. Here, we investigate concentrations of more than 100 metabolites in the prefrontal and cerebellar...
Strategies and difficulties in solving spatial visualization problems: a case study with adults
Kayhan, Emine Banu; Bulut, Safure; Department of Secondary Science and Mathematics Education (2012)
The purpose of the present study is to investigate the spatial strategies of adults and the difficulties they experience while solving spatial visualization problems. To achieve this purpose, a case study is conducted and the case of this study is the group of five adults studying secondary or elementary mathematics education in a public university in Ankara. Spatial Ability Test (SAT) and task based interviews are utilized to determine the participants’ spatial abilities; and to interpret their strategies,...
An investigation of Turkish static spatial semantics in terms of lexical variety: an eye tracking study
Ertekin, Şeyma Nur; Acartürk, Cengiz; Department of Cognitive Sciences (2021-8)
The semantics of spatial terms has been attracting the attention of researchers for the past several decades. As an understudied language, Turkish presents an appropriate test bed for studying the generalizability of semantic characterization of spatial terms across languages. Turkish also exhibits unique characteristics, such as the use of locative case markers and being an agglutinative language. The present study reports an eye-tracking investigation of comprehension of spatial terms in Turkish by employ...
Map-making as a walking-based spatial practice in architecture
Özcivanoğlu, Sonat; Gürsel Dino, İpek; Department of Architecture (2019)
The assumption of this study is that the perception of space is dependent on the particularities of a specific location altering with time-variables and subjective experience. With the epistemological paradigm shift by the twentieth century, the concept of space as a homogeneous three-dimensional quantity which can be divided into repetitive units has been challenged by the heterogeneous conception of space-time generated by the bodies in movement. Considering the temporal and experiential aspects of space,...
Citation Formats
N. B. Yılmaz, “Interaction of Spatial Configurations and Language: An Experimental Inquiry,” M.S. - Master of Science, Middle East Technical University, 2022.