Çağırıcı, Ecenur
Presuppositions embedded in the consequent of a conditional sometimes project as conditional presuppositions. In this thesis, two experiments were conducted to investigate conditional presuppositions in a probabilistic framework and to test whether prior beliefs play a role in the projection of conditional presuppositions. Three types of relationships between different situations and physical objects were established (entailing, related, unrelated). Experiment I measured prior beliefs about owning the object depending on the situation. As expected, when the situations were negated, owning the object was more likely in entailing situations than in unrelated situations, and gradual prior beliefs were observed depending on the situation. Experiment II tested presupposition projection in the same scenarios by adapting them into conditional sentences. Results showed a similar pattern of probabilities when the antecedent was denied and the probability of the presupposition was measured. Experiment II also tested the use of Modus Tollens in conditional presuppositions. When the presupposition was denied and the probability of the antecedent was measured, only entailing antecedents received a very low rating, suggesting that participants obtained a conditional presupposition only in conditionals whose antecedent makes the presupposition highly likely.


An Investigation of Moral Foundations Theory in Turkey Using Different Measures
YALÇINDAĞ, BİLGE; Özkan, Türker; CESUR, SEVİM; YILMAZ, ONURCAN; TEPE, BEYZA; PİYALE, ZEYNEP ECEM; Biten, Ali Furkan; Sunar, Diane (2019-04-01)
Claims of universality for Moral Foundations Theory (MFT) require extensive cross-cultural validation. The present study aims to (1) develop Turkish versions of three instruments used to research MFT (MFQ, MFQL, MSQ); (2) assess the psychometric properties of the Turkish instruments; (3) test the assumptions of the theory against findings from the instruments in Turkish culture. Three independently translated versions of the MFQ were administered to three samples totaling 1432 respondents. Results were cons...
An observational study of the precedence effect
Hacıhabiboğlu, Hüseyin (2006-05-01)
This paper proposes a framework model for the analysis of sound source localisation under the precedence effect using Gaussian mixtures. The model quantifies the effect of the lagging sound over the angular position and the width of the perceived auditory event, and incorporates some well-known aspects of the precedence effect in a single framework. Two sound source localisation experiments were carried out in order to show the utility of the proposed model. In the first experiment, the localisation accurac...
On the ontology of linguistic frameworks toward a comprehensive version of empiricism
Davoody Benı, Majıd (2015-01-01)
Can the abstract entities be designated ? While the empiricists usually took the positive answer to this question as the first step toward Platonism, in his "Empiricism, Semantics, and Ontology" [Carnap 1950], Carnap tried to make a reconciliation between the language referring to abstract entities on the one hand, and empiricism on the other. In this paper, firstly, I show that the ingenuity of Carnap's approach notwithstanding, it is prone to criticism from different aspects. But I also show how, even wit...
The influence of the context of conditional probability problems on probabilistic thinking: A case study with teacher candidates
Olgun, Beyza; Işıksal Bostan, Mine (2019-12-21)
This study investigates the influence of the context of conditional probability problems on probabilistic thinking processes of mathematics teacher candidates. Data were collected from four mathematics teacher candidates through semi-structured clinical interviews. Teacher candidates were expected to solve and explain three conditional probability problems, which were selected based on specific contexts. The findings revealed that, when the context is related to a social issue such as health or justice, tha...
An examination of quantifier scope ambiguity in Turkish
Kurt, Kürşad; Bozşahin, Hüseyin Cem; Department of Cognitive Sciences (2006)
This study investigates the problem of quantifier scope ambiguity in natural languages and the various ways with which it has been accounted for, some of which are problematic for monotonic theories of grammar like Combinatory Categorial Grammar (CCG) which strive for solutions that avoid non-monotonic functional application, and assume complete transparency between the syntax and the semantics interface of a language. Another purpose of this thesis is to explore these proposals on examples from Turkish and...
Citation Formats
E. Çağırıcı, “AN INVESTIGATION OF CONDITIONAL PRESUPPOSITIONS IN TURKISH,” M.S. - Master of Science, Middle East Technical University, 2022.