Gender, domesticity and house in Turkey: Context and state of research

Sarı, Begüm
The relationship between space and gender has been commonly elaborated in feminist and architectural discourse and history, particularly starting from the late 1960s and early 1970s. This relationship is a topic that has been extensively studied with increasing awareness of the otherness issue and inequalities in relation to such themes as public-private and gendered contradictions of everyday life with the discussions on the formation and organization of public and domestic space according to gender stereotypes. This thesis aims to present respectively, the scholarly state and context of studies that has taken gender, domesticity, and house in Turkey into their focus during the Republican period and to discuss the emerging themes and insights. To do this, a bibliographic and thematic analysis of 20 studies in the related literature is carried out in the Turkish context to address the following questions: What are the emerging themes in the studies concerning gender, domesticity and house in Turkey?, In which ways the construction of gendered space through architectural design is theorized, contextualised and discussed in the scholarship?, How the relationship between women, house and gender in Turkey underwent spatial and discursive changes? Selected house samples reflecting the characteristics of each examined period (from 1920s to 1950, from 1950 to 1980 and from 1980 to present) are analysed on the emerging discussion topics in academic studies. Through these research questions the study aims to draw a framework to illustrate the themes and debates related to the spatial organization of house and domesticity as shaped by gender, in other words, the context and state of research on house, gender and space in Turkey. Through the investigation of six houses’ plans, the study aims to reflect changes in spatial organization and discourse of domestic space throughout the course of a century.


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Citation Formats
B. Sarı, “Gender, domesticity and house in Turkey: Context and state of research,” M.Arch. - Master of Architecture, Middle East Technical University, 2022.