Egyptian influences on the architecture of Roman Asia Minor

Download
2002
Öztürk, Onur
Similar to the other Oriental cults in the Roman world, Egyptian deities were quite popular in many Roman cities. This study, first of all, tries to explain the general characteristics of Oriental religions, the reasons of their popularity in the Roman Empire and their development during the ancient period. The diffusion of these cults in the Roman world was not only due to the existing political system or religious beliefs, but also because of their transformation in the course of centuries. In this respect, after giving a brief information about the essential properties of these cults, the second part concentrates on the changes in the Egyptian cults especially during the Hellenistic period. After this transformation Egyptian gods were worshipped in numerous coastal cities of the eastern Mediterranean during the Hellenistic period and, later in the Roman period, in Rome and all provinces. As in other regions of the Roman Empire, inscriptional mand numismatic evidence indicates the existence of the worship of Egyptian divinities in many cities of Anatolia as well. Although the actual number of architectural remains is quite limited, these reveal significant facts about the multiplicity of influences on the architecture of Egyptian cults in Asia Minor. In this study three famous buildings dedicated to the Egyptian Gods, namely, the Helios Serapis Building at Miletos, the temple of Serapis at Ephesus and the Red Hall at Pergamon were chosen in order to explain how the Egyptian religion found its expression in the architecture of Roman Asia Minor.

Suggestions

Temple states of Pontus: Comana Pontica and Zela
Sökmen, Emine; Erciyas, Deniz Burcu; Department of Settlement Archaeology (2005)
Before the Roman rule in Asia Minor, under the Hellenistic kings, small communities lived independently within areas surrounding temples with local powers. The temple held together and ruled these communities. Under the Romans these communities were brought and united to form cities in order to govern them by a central power and to take advantage of their unified work force. These communities served the Temple providing it necessary resources to function and provided themselves protection under sacred power...
Batılılaşma Döneminde Osmanlı Sağlık Kuruluşları
Yavuz, Yıldırım (Middle East Technical University, Faculty of Architecture, 1988)
Üçüncü Selim'in 1789'da tahta geçmesiyle başlayan Batılılaşma dönemine kadar Osmanlı sağlık kuruluşları hem tıp uygulamaları, hem sağlık koşulları, hem de hastane yapılan açısından ortaçağda geçerli olan ilkel görünümlerini korumuşlardır. Kendinden önceki Selçuklu tıp uygulamalarına dayanan Osmanlı sağlık kuruluşları, biçimsel olarak da Selçuklu sağlık yapılarını yinelemişler, bu nedenle, Osmanlı hastaneleri, medrese planlarını anımsatan, bir orta avlu çevresine dizili odalardan oluşmuş geleneksel formların...
Anadolu'daki Mihrapların Dili
Renda, Günsel (Middle East Technical University, Faculty of Architecture, 1977)
The mihrab, usually a concave and very often heavily decorated niche found in a mosque on the qiblah wall directed toward Mecca, is one of the fundamental elements in Islamic religious architecture. The form of the mihrab and the type of decoration varied from place to place within centuries, depending on the available local material and the regional artistic tradition. Ömür Bakırer's book on the Anatolian mihrabs (in Turkish with an English summary) comprises a thorough study of the 13th century mihrabs in...
A Vision Of Imperial Unity: The Temple Of Venus And Roma
Güven, Suna (Middle East Technical University, Faculty of Architecture, 1990)
As one of the largest building projects of Hadrian in Rome, the Temple of Venus and Roma captures the eye of the beholder in its ruined state even today. Notwithstanding its gargantuan scale, the renowned edifice is associated with a notorious tale in the ancient literary record as the building that allegedly cost the Syrian architect Apollodorus his life. According to the often quoted account of Dio Cassius in his Roman History (69.4), the emperor Hadrian was so incensed at having the architectural flaws o...
The policies of the Roman emperors in the processof christianisation between the fourth and the sixth centuries
Özdemir, Aygül; Soykut, Mustafa; Department of History (2003)
This thesis analyzes the Christianisation process of the Roman Empire from the time of Constantine the Great to that of Justinian. The purposes of the ecumenical councils and the codes on the religious issues will be discussed in the framework of the religious policies of the emperors in that time. Between the time of Constantine and that of Justinian the Roman Empire became Christian Roman Empire. The Christianisation of the Roman Empire will be dealt with both from the religious and political point of vie...
Citation Formats
O. Öztürk, “Egyptian influences on the architecture of Roman Asia Minor,” Middle East Technical University, 2002.