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Building inspection in Turkey

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2003
Hacıbaloğlu, Dinçer
Turkey has lived an awakening after the earthquakes of 17 August 1996 in Marmara and 12 November 1999 in Düzce. Turkey has paid the cost of a delayed awakening with the loss of approximately 45,000 citizens and 20 billion dollars. Turkey, which is located on active seismic fault lines, has previously encountered such destructive earthquakes but necessary measures have not been taken due to the previous earthquakes not striking the large metropolis and industrial zones, lower losses in terms of lives and property, and lack of interest of the media in terms of the issue. The importance and necessity of building inspection could only be realized after said disaster. Subsequently, the Ministry has worked like a factory producing laws, regulations and decrees having the force of law and has implemented numerous practices in a rush. Said practices containing the post-earthquake haste and reactive approaches are currently still being discussed and could only be regulated within a period of 2-3 years. This study will examine the building inspection system, which has been applied in Turkey prior to the earthquakes of 1999, which are considered as a sad turning point, and the laws and applications related with thereof. Subsequently, the building inspection practices of certain countries, unions and international legislations will be discussed in order to provide for examination and comparison of the laws, regulations and practices, enacted by the Ministry after 1999, at international level. The study will be concluded with the examination of the building inspection systems recommended after the year 1999, study of the inefficient aspects and recommendation of specific solutions.