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An assesment of high school biology curriculum implementation

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2003
Öztürk, Ebru
This study was conducted to investigate and assess the implementation process of the new high school biology curriculum. The major areas in the study included teaching methods and techniques, and instructional materials physical structure and facilities, and local, school and classroom level factors that influence the process of curriculum implementation. The research questions were the following: 1) How are the curriculum intentions implemented in biology classes? 2) What local, school and classroom level factors influence the implementation process of the new high school biology curriculum? A survey questionnaire, Biology Curriculum and Instruction Evaluation Questionnaire, was designed. The data collected from randomly selected 685 biology teachers working in public, Anatolian and private/foundation schools in fifteen cities were then analyzed through descriptive and inferential statistics, and qualitative data analysis techniques. The results revealed that the implementation process of the new high school biology curriculum shows differences at local, school and classroom levels. These differences rely on the physical structure and facilities of schools, some teacher characteristics and some teacher beliefs and perceptions. Yet, one common feature in all these different conditions is the attention called to the need for a change from learning being teacher-centered to student-centered teaching and learning process and the need to revise curriculum content and timing for its implementation.