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Charity programmes : representation of povertry in Turkish television

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2004
Çamur, Aysel
This thesis analyses the representation of poverty in the charity programmes broadcast on Turkish television, namely Deniz Feneri, Kimse Yok mu, Yarinlar Umut Olsun and Yolcu. It examines the continuities, discontinuities and breaks in the representation of poor with reference to Turkish cinema, novel and media. Critical discourse analysis of the charity programmes indicates that poverty is legitimised and naturalised, being made no reference to social, economic and political context of poverty. The construction of the poor as أobjects of aidؤ given by أphilanthropistsؤ is examined and it is argued that the poor become a means of salvation, self-realisation and self-fulfilment of أphilanthropistؤ. It is here claimed that Islam and nationalist-conservative discourse serve the internalisation and tranquillisation of poverty in the programmes. The study also analyses the visual and aural representations of the poor in the programmes. The slow-motion, black and white photographs, close-up, limited motion, and the music accompanying the pictures are the most fundamental tools of dramatising poverty in the charity programmes; and they address to أconscienceؤ of أphilanthropistsؤ. It is also argued that voiceover and subtitling efface the voice of the poor.