Generation of surface waves due to sudden movements at the sea bottom

Kırlangıç, Özgür Ulaş
A mathematical model is developed for investigating time dependent surface deformations of a hydrostatic water volume, when it is subjected to a sudden partial collapse or rise of the sea bottom. The model solves two-dimensional Navier-Stokes Equations on a vertical plane numerically by using Marker and Cell Method (MAC) for viscous and compressible fluid including all the nonlinear effects in the solution. For demonstration, a vertical motion was given to a section in a hypothetical reservoir bed within a short time period and the resulting velocity and pressure fields and the surface profile of the water body are obtained. Computational and physical aspects are discussed.


Simulation of surface waves generated by a rapid rise of a block at the sea bottom
Şenol, Nalan; Aydın, İsmail; Department of Civil Engineering (2005)
A mathematical model is developed for investigating time dependent surface deformations of a hydrostatic water volume, when it is subjected to a sudden partial rise of the sea bottom. In the model, 2-dimensional, compressible, and viscous Navier-Stokes equations are solved by Marker and Cell (MAC) method. Variable mesh size in both horizontal and vertical directions with a staggered grid arrangement is used. Limited compressibility model is utilized for pressure. Various computational tests are done for the...
Measurement and evaluation of the hydrodynamics and secondary currents in and near a strait connecting large water bodies - A field study
Gueler, Isikhan; Yueksel, Yalcin; Yalçıner, Ahmet Cevdet; Cevik, Esin; Ingerslev, Christian (Elsevier BV, 2006-09-01)
The straits connect two large water bodies show highly strong and stratified currents related to meteorological, morphological and hydrodynamic conditions. In some cases, spatial and temporal changes of the stratified currents and their thickness, direction and magnitude are so complex. This complexity directly affects the circulation pattern in the region, water exchange between both ends of the straits and migration of fish species. In order to understand general characteristics of this kind of straits an...
Forced hydraulic jump on artificially roughened beds
Şimşek, Çağdaş; Tokyay, Nuray; Department of Civil Engineering (2006)
In the scope of the study, prismatic roughness elements with different longitudinal spacing and arrangements have been tested in a rectangular flume in order to reveal their effects on fundamental characteristics of a hydraulic jump. Two basic roughness types with altering arrangements have been tested. Roughness elements of the first type extends through the channel width against the flow with varying length and pitch ratios for different arrangements. The second type is of staggered essence and produced b...
Investigation of waterhammer problems in the penstocks of small hydropower plants
Çalamak, Melih; Bozkuş, Zafer; Department of Civil Engineering (2010)
Waterhammer is an unsteady hydraulic problem which is commonly found in closed conduits of hydropower plants, water distribution networks and liquid pipeline systems. Due to either a malfunction of the system or inadequate operation conditions, pipeline may collapse or burst erratically resulting in substantial damages, and human losses in some cases. In this thesis, time dependent flow situations in the penstocks of small hydropower plants are investigated. A software, HAMMER, that utilizes method of chara...
Numerical modeling of re-suspension and transport of fine sediments in coastal waters
Karadoğan, Erol; Özhan, Erdal; Department of Civil Engineering (2004)
In this thesis, the theory of three dimensional numerical modeling of transport and re-suspension of fine sediments is studied and a computer program is develped for simulation of the three dimensional suspended sediment transport. The computer program solves the three dimensional advection-diffusion equation simultaneously with a computer program prepared earlier for the simulation of three dimensional current systems. This computer program computes the velocity vectors, eddy viscosities and water surface ...
Citation Formats
Ö. U. Kırlangıç, “Generation of surface waves due to sudden movements at the sea bottom,” M.S. - Master of Science, Middle East Technical University, 2004.