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Model based building extraction from high resolution aerial images

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2004
Bilen, Burak
A method for detecting the buildings from high resolution aerial images is proposed. The aim is to extract the buildings from high resolution aerial images using the Hough transform and the model based perceptual grouping techniques.The edges detected from the image are the basic structures used in the building detection procedure. The method proposed in this thesis makes use of the basic image processing techniques. Noise removal and image sharpening techniques are used to enhance the input image. Then, the edges are extracted from the image using the Canny edge detection algorithm. The edges obtained are composed of discrete points. These discrete points are vectorized in order to generate straight line segments. This is performed with the use of the Hough transform and the perceptual grouping techniques. The straight line segments become the basic structures of the buildings. Finally, the straight line segments are grouped based on predefined model(s) using the model based perceptual grouping technique. The groups of straight line segments are the candidates for 2D structures that may be the buildings, the shadows or other man-made objects. The proposed method was implemented with a program written in C programming language. The approach was applied to several study areas. The results achieved are encouraging. The number of the extracted buildings increase if the orientation of the buildings are nearly the same and the Canny edge detector detects most of the building edges.If the buildings have different orientations,some of the buildings may not be extracted with the proposed method. In addition to building orientation, the building size and the parameters used in the Hough transform and the perceptual grouping stages also affect the success of the proposed method.