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Removal of hydrogen sulfide by regenerable metal oxide sorbents

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2004
Karayılan, Dilek
High-temperature desulfurization of coal-derived fuel gases is an essential process in advanced power generation technologies. It may be accomplished by using metal oxide sorbents. Among the sorbents investigated CuO sorbent has received considerable attention. However, CuO in uncombined form is readily reduced to copper by the H2 and CO contained in fuel gases which lowers the desulfurization efficiency. To improve the performance of CuO-based sorbents, they have been combined with other metal oxides, forming metal oxide sorbents. Sulfidation experiments were carried out at 627 oC using a gas mixture composed of 1 % H2S and 10 % H2 in helium. Sorbent regeneration was carried out in the same reactor on sulfided samples at 700 oC using 6 % O2 in N2. Total flow rate of gas mixture was kept at 100 ml/min in most of the experiments. In this study, Cu-Mn-O, Cu-Mn-V-O and Cu-V-O sorbents were developed by using complexation method. Performance of prepared sorbents were investigated in a fixed-bed quartz microreactor over six sulfidation/regeneration cycles. During six cycles, sulfur retention capacity of Cu-Mn-O decreased slightly from 0.152 to 0.128 (g S)/(g of Sorbent) while some decrease from 0.110 to 0.054 (g S)/(g of Sorbent) was observed with Cu-Mn-V-O. Cu-V-O showed a very good performance in the first sulfidation and excessive thermal sintering in the first regeneration prevented further testing. Sulfur retention capacity of Cu-V-O was calculated as 0.123 (g S)/(g of Sorbent) at the end of the first sulfidation. In addition, SO2 formation in sulfidation experiments was observed only with Cu-V-O sorbent