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Recovery of strawberry aroma compounds by pervaporation

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2004
İşçi, Aslı
Pervaporation is a selective membrane technique in which a liquid feed mixture is separated by means of partial vaporization through a non-porous perm-selective membrane. This method can be used for the recovery of heat sensitive aroma compounds to avoid them from thermal damage in beverage industries. The main objective of this study was to determine the effects of feed temperature (30, 40, 50°C), composition (different model solutions, strawberry essence), concentration (50, 100, 150 ppm) and permeate pressure (4, 8 mbar) on the recovery of aroma compounds of strawberry by pervaporation in terms of mass flux and selectivity. In addition, it was aimed to optimize the extraction conditions (extraction time, temperature, agitation speed, strawberry matrix) of Solid-phase microextraction (SPME), which is used for the analysis of strawberry aroma compounds. Optimum results for SPME were obtained at 40°C, 700 rpm for 30 min and no matrix effect was observed. Pervaporation experiments were performed using a hydrophobic membrane, PERVAP 1070 (PDMS). As the feed temperature increased, the mass flux and selectivity increased and the total mass flux followed an Arrhenius type relation. Decreasing downstream pressure increased both total flux and selectivity, while increase in feed concentration led to higher organic fluxes but lower selectivities. In general, PERVAP 1070 showed a higher selectivity towards Methyl butyrate (MTB) than Ethyl butyrate (ETB) and MTB flux was affected negatively by the presence of ETB in the feed solution. Pervaporation experiments were also performed with a strawberry essence and strawberry model solution. The selectivities of MTB and ETB were negatively affected by the presence of other aroma compounds.