Transmission of good news as an impression management tactic

Download
2004
Uysal, Ahmet
People are reluctant to transmit bad news, which is named as the MUM effect in the literature. One explanation of this effect suggests that people do not want to construct negative impressions by being associated with bad news. On the other hand, people are also willing to transmit good news which is largely ignored in the literature. In this study, transmission of good news is examined from an impression management perspective. It was suggested that people would be more likely to transmit good news and less likely to transmit bad news when they were dependent on the recipient of the news than when they were not. Four variables, likeability, perceived favor doing, expectations of gratitude and ulterior motives were hypothesized as potential mediators. Also, self ا esteem, self ا monitoring, Narcissism and Machiavellianism were assessed as personality variables. University students (N = 306) participated in a scenario study, with the valence of the news (good / bad) and outcome dependence on the recipient (high / low) as independent variables. The main dependent variable was transmission likelihood of the news. Results showed that, high dependence participants were more likely to transmit good news than low dependence participants. In contrast, high dependence participants were less likely to transmit bad news than low dependence participants. Moreover, likeability was found to be a partial mediator of the relationship. Participants tend to think that they would be perceived as more likeable if they transmit good news and thus they were more likely to communicate the good news. From the personality variables only Machiavellianism had a significant effect. High Machs were more likely to transmit good news in high dependence condition than did low Machs. The results of the study were discussed in the relevant literature.

Suggestions

A self-presentational approach to transmission of good and bad news
Uysal, AHMET; Öner Özkan, Bengi (Scientific Journal Publishers Ltd, 2007-01-01)
People are reluctant to transmit bad news, a tendency named as the MUM effect. One explanation of this effect suggests that people do not want to construct negative impressions by being associated with bad news. In this study, transmission of good and bad news was examined from an impression management perspective. University students (N = 275) participated in a scenario study, with the valence of the news (good/bad) and outcome dependence on the recipient (high/low) as independent variables and transmissio...
Encoding processes related to specific and overgeneral recall of the autobiographical memories in non-clinical depression
Güzel, Mehmet Akif; İmamoğlu, Emine Olcay; Department of Psychology (2007)
The purpose of the present study was to investigate the overgenerality phenomenon and to draw some inferences on possible encoding problems of autobiographical memories (ABMs) in a non-clinically depressed sample. Eighty-eight university students (25 male, 63 female) participated in the experiment using the Autobiographical Memory Test (AMT; Williams & Broadbent, 1986). The effects of depression level (low or high), cue emotional valences (positive, negative and neutral) and cue number (one or two at each s...
Attitudes towards allowance of headscarf in the universities: a terror management theory perspective
Çamlı, Şeyda; Sümer, Nebi; Department of Psychology (2010)
The present study tested the mortality salience (MS) hypothesis of Terror Management Theory (TMT) on attitudes towards allowance of headscarf in the universities. Sample of the current study consisted of 208 university students. Religious, secular and liberal views were evaluated by participants. The results of 2 (Attitude: Supporters, Opponents) X 2 (Condition: Mortality salience, Control) ANOVAs showed that despite the lack of significant main effect of condition and interaction effect, MS tended to lead ...
The effect of cinematherapy on perfectionism and related schemas
Aka, Başak Türküler; Gençöz, Faruk; Department of Psychology (2007)
This study aimed to reveal the effect of cinematherapy on perfectionism and related Early Maladaptive Schemas and investigates the contribution of participants’ identification with the film and recall of the film on this process. 34 university students from Psychology Department at Middle East Technical University participated in the study. The participants completed a demographic information form, Multidimensional Perfectionism Scale, three Early Maladaptive Schema (Emotional Inhibition, Unrelenting Standa...
Predictor variables of psychological distress and perceived growth following motor vehicle accidents
Birol, Aşkım Sevinç; Karancı, Ayşe Nuray; Department of Psychology (2004)
This study aimed to examine the predictor variables of psychological distress and perceived growth among the survivors of motor vehicle accidents. Demographic characteristics as pre-accident variables, cognitive appraisals of the accident as accident related factors, coping strategies and social support as post-accident variables were used as predictors of distress and perceived growth. 200 adults (142 males and 58 females, ages between 18 and 65) participated in the study. Data was collected by a questionn...
Citation Formats
A. Uysal, “Transmission of good news as an impression management tactic,” M.S. - Master of Science, Middle East Technical University, 2004.