Screening and characterization of catalytic composite membranes for ethyllactate production

Oğuzer, Özge
In this research, molybdophosphoric acid (PMo) was blended with polysulfone polymer (PSF) and form a film catalyst by using a common solvent dimethylformamide (DMF). Kinetic and mass transfer parameters were evaluated for catalytic films in ethanol lactic acid esterification reaction as film surface area, film thickness and catalyst loading were varied at 50?C, 1 atm and 1:1 ethyl alcohol to lactic acid mole ratio conditions. Also prepared films were characterized by DSC, TGA, FTIR, X-ray and SEM analysis. It was observed that the catalytic films showed higher activities with respect to the unloaded form of PSF and activities were increased with the increasing loading levels. The stabilities of the loaded catalysts were tested by means of deactivation experiments. A decrease was observed after 5th trial for 10wt% PMo loaded PSF film and at 4th trial for 15wt% PMo loaded PSF film. However, activities of the loaded films gave still higher conversion results than the unloaded PSF film. Also it was proved that with increasing film thickness conversion was decreased and increasing surface area conversion was increased. It was observed from the characterization studies that PMo catalysts have no chemical interaction with the PSF polymer and there was trace amount of DMF solvent was observed in the PMo-PSF catalytic film. Particulate structure of the PMo catalyst was observed and there is no catalyst agglomeration in the membrane network. However, along the thickness, catalyst particles were not homogeneously but finely dispersed in amorphous film structure.


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Polypropylene, PP, based nanocomposites were produced via melt blending method by using twin-screw extrusion in this study. The effects of organoclay type, compatibilizer type, and mixing order of components on the morphology, thermal, mechanical and flow properties of ternary nanocomposites were investigated. Terpolymer of ethylene/butyl acrylate/maleic anhydride, ethylene/methyl acrylate/glycidyl methacrylate, and copolymer of ethylene/glycidyl methacrylate elastomers were used as compatibilizer, whereas ...
Dynamic and steady-state analysis of oxidative dehydrogenation of ethane
Karamullaoğlu, Gülsün; Doğu, Timur; Department of Chemical Engineering (2005)
In this research, oxidative dehydrogenation of ethane to ethylene was studied over Cr-O and Cr-V-O mixed oxide catalysts through steady-state and dynamic experiments. The catalysts were prepared by the complexation method. By XRD, presence of Cr2O3 phase in Cr-O; and the small Cr2O3 and V2O4 phases of Cr-V-O were revealed. In H2-TPR, both catalysts showed reduction behaviour. From XPS the likely presence of Cr+6 on fresh Cr-O was found. On Cr-V-O, the possible reduction of V+5 and Cr+6 forms of the fresh sa...
Experimental investagation of drag reduction effects of polymer additives on turbulent pipe flow
Zeybek, Şerife; Uludağ, Yusuf; Department of Chemical Engineering (2005)
Since the discovery of the drag reduction effects of even small amount of macromolecules in solutions in turbulent pipe flows, there have been many experimental and theoretical studies in order to understand mechanisms behind this phenomenon. Theories have been proposed based on the observations on the change in the characteristics of the turbulent flow near the pipe wall where friction of the momentum transfer between the flow and the conduit takes place. In this study drag reduction in fully developed tur...
Synthesis and Characterization of Aluminum Containing Silica Aerogel Catalysts for Degradation of PLA
Sivri, Seda; Dilek Hacıhabiboğlu, Çerağ; Sezgi, Naime Aslı (Walter de Gruyter GmbH, 2019-05-01)
Aluminum loaded silica aerogel based catalysts were synthesized by impregnation of aluminum into silica aerogel produced using sol-gel method in different aluminum loadings (2.5-15 wt%) to investigate their performances in degradation of polylactic acid (PLA).
Kinetic studies for the production of tertiary ethers used as gasoline additives
Boz, Nezahat; Doğu, Timur; Department of Chemical Engineering (2004)
In the present study, the kinetics studies for etherification reactions were investigated in detail. In the first phase of present study, different acidic resin catalysts were prepared by the heat treatment of Amberlyst-15 catalysts at 220°C at different durations of time and also by the synthesis of sulfonated styrene divinylbenzene cross-linked resins at different conditions. A linear dependence of reaction rate on hydrogen ion-exchange capacity was in 2M2B+ethanol reaction. However, in the case of 2M1B+e...
Citation Formats
Ö. Oğuzer, “Screening and characterization of catalytic composite membranes for ethyllactate production,” M.S. - Master of Science, Middle East Technical University, 2004.