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Fluid structure coupled analysis of an aerodynamic surface

Sümer, Bülent
In this thesis a 3-D Euler flow solver is coupled with a finite element program in order to solve static aeroelastic problems involving aircraft wings. A loosely coupled solution approach based on an iterative solution procedure is used to solve the coupled field problem. Because of the deformation of the underlying surface over which the flow is solved, Computational Fluid Dynamics mesh has to move at each computational aeroelastic iteration in order to comform to the new shape of the aerodynamic surface. As a part of this work, a procedure is developed in order to move fluid grid points, which views the whole computational domain as an isotropic elastic medium and solves it using finite element method. A matching discrete interface is defined; displacement and pressure data exchange is accomplished at this interface. AGARD Wing 445.6 and an elastic supercritical wing is modelled and solved with the developed computational aeroelastic procedure and the obtained results are compared with numerical and wind tunnel data.