Genetic diversity of native and crossbreed sheep breeds in Anatolia

Koban, Evren
In this study the genetic diversity in Turkish native sheep breeds was investigated based on microsatellite DNA loci. In total, 423 samples from 11 native and crossbreed Turkish sheep breeds (Akkaraman, Morkaraman, Kivircik, Ivesi, Dagliç, Karayaka, Hemsin, Norduz, Kangal, Konya Merinosu, Türkgeldi) and one Iraqi breed (Hamdani) were analyzed by sampling from breeding farms and local breeders. After excluding close relatives by Kinship analysis, the genetic variation within breeds was estimated as gene diversities (HE), which ranged between 0.686 and 0.793. The mean number of observed alleles (MNA) ranged between 5.8 and 11.8. The allele frequency distribution across Turkey showed no gradient from east to west expected in accordance with the Neolithic Demic Diffusion model. The differentiation between different samples of Akkaraman, Dagliç and Karayaka breeds was tested by FST index. Akkaraman1 sample from the breeding farm was significantly (P<0.001) different from the other two Akkaraman samples. Deviation from HW expectations observed for Akkaraman1, Ivesi, Morkaraman and Hemsin breeds. AMOVA analysis revealed that most of the total genetic variation (~90%) was partitioned within the individuals. In parallel to this observation, when factorial correspondence analysis and shared alleles distances were used to analyze the relationship between the individuals of the breeds, there was no clear discrimination between breeds. Moreover, NJ tree constructed based on DA genetic distance, and PC analyses were used to analyze among breed differentiation. Delaunay Network drew 4 genetic boundaries (two of them being parallel to geographic boundaries) between breeds. All the results indicated that Kivircik was the most differentiated breed. Finally, Mantel Test and Bottleneck analysis did not reveal a significant result. Kivircik breed, among all native Turkish breeds, was


Polymorphism of Prolactin (PRL), Diacylglycerol Acyltransferase (DGAT-1) and Bovine Solute Carrier Family 35 Member 3 (SLC35A3) genes in native cattle breeds and its implication for Turkish cattle breeding
Kepenek, Eda Şeyma; Togan, İnci Zehra; Department of Biology (2007)
In the present study samples from four native Turkish Cattle Breeds; South Anatolian Red (n= 48), East Anatolian Red (n= 34), Anatolian Black (n= 42) and Turkish Grey (n=46) and elite bulls of Holstein (n=21) were genotyped with respect to two milk production enhancer genes, Prolactin (PRL) and Diacylglycerol acyltransferase (DGAT1), and one disease (Complex Vertebral Malformation) causing gene (SLC35A3). A allele frequency for PRL gene, believed to be positively associated with the milk yield in cattle, ra...
Morphometric, mtdna and microsatellite analysis in honeybee populations (apis mellifera L.) of north and northwest İran
Farhoud, Houman Jabbari; Kence, Meral; Department of Biotechnology (2004)
Morphometric measurements, mitochondrial DNA analyses and 5 microsatellite loci were used to investigate variation in the honeybee populations of Iran and comparing it with the Turkish populations. Five honeybee populations were sampled from North and west north of Iran. In morphometric aspect of the study 23 characters were measured from left forewings and hindlegs of honey bee samples. The data were analysed by multivariate statistical analyses. By using mtDNA analyses length polymorphism of the intergeni...
Genetic diversity of sheep breeds focusing on conservation research in turkey
Açan, Sinan Can; Togan, İnci Zehra; Öktem, Hüseyin Avni; Department of Biology (2012)
In the first part of the present study, samples of 13 native Turkish sheep breeds (n=628) were examined, individually and comparatively, with respect to their 19 microsatellite loci to characterize them by employing various statistical analyses. Low FST values, high mean number of alleles and allelic richness as well as results of Factorial Correspondence Analysis and Structure analyses showed the degree of admixture between native sheep breeds of Turkey, IVE and SAK were observed as the most distincts of t...
Genetic relationships among perennial and annual Cicer species growing in Turkey assessed by AFLP fingerprinting
Sudupak, MA; Akkaya, Mahinur; Kence, A (Springer Science and Business Media LLC, 2004-03-01)
AFLP markers were used to assess genetic relationships among Cicer species with distribution in Turkey. Genetic distances were computed among 47 Cicer accessions representing four perennial and six annual species including chickpea, using 306 positions on AFLP gels. AFLP-based grouping of species revealed two clusters, one of which includes three perennial species, Cicer montbretii, Cicer isauricum and Cicer anatolicum, while the other cluster consists of two subclusters, one including one perennial, Cicer ...
Identification and analysis of genomic regions with large between-population differentiation in humans
Myles, S.; Tang, K.; Somel, Mehmet; Green, R. E.; Kelso, J.; Stoneking, M. (Wiley, 2008-01-01)
The primary aim of genetic association and linkage studies is to identify genetic variants that contribute to phenotypic variation within human populations. Since the overwhelming majority of human genetic variation is found within populations, these methods are expected to be effective and can likely be extrapolated from one human population to another. However, they may lack power in detecting the genetic variants that contribute to phenotypes that differ greatly between human populations. Phenotypes that...
Citation Formats
E. Koban, “Genetic diversity of native and crossbreed sheep breeds in Anatolia,” Ph.D. - Doctoral Program, Middle East Technical University, 2004.