Polymorphism of Prolactin (PRL), Diacylglycerol Acyltransferase (DGAT-1) and Bovine Solute Carrier Family 35 Member 3 (SLC35A3) genes in native cattle breeds and its implication for Turkish cattle breeding

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2007
Kepenek, Eda Şeyma
In the present study samples from four native Turkish Cattle Breeds; South Anatolian Red (n= 48), East Anatolian Red (n= 34), Anatolian Black (n= 42) and Turkish Grey (n=46) and elite bulls of Holstein (n=21) were genotyped with respect to two milk production enhancer genes, Prolactin (PRL) and Diacylglycerol acyltransferase (DGAT1), and one disease (Complex Vertebral Malformation) causing gene (SLC35A3). A allele frequency for PRL gene, believed to be positively associated with the milk yield in cattle, ranged between 0.5645 (Anatolian Black) - 0.7558 (South Anatolian Red). K allele frequency which is thought to be related with the milk fat content in cattle varied between 0.7794 (East Anatolian Red) - 0.9250 (Anatolian Black). Complex Vertebral Malformation gene was not observed in any of the examined individuals (n= 164), hence, SLC35A3 locus was monomorphic. Pairwise Fst values based on the two polymorphic loci revealed that breeds are not significantly different from each other with respect to these two genes. Correlations, but weak, between the PRL A allele frequency and milk yield and similarly DGAT1 K allele and milk fat content was observed, Principle Component Analysis generated two compound axis based on the two polymorphic loci. Positions of the breeds on the first axis were correlated with the milk fat content of the breeds, perfectly. Again, positions of the breeds on the second axis were correlated with the milk yield of the breeds. Furthermore, PCA revealed that both A of PRL and K of DGAT1 genes seemed to have contributions in milk yield Results are believed to be useful for the management efforts of Turkish native cattle breeds.

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Citation Formats
E. Ş. Kepenek, “Polymorphism of Prolactin (PRL), Diacylglycerol Acyltransferase (DGAT-1) and Bovine Solute Carrier Family 35 Member 3 (SLC35A3) genes in native cattle breeds and its implication for Turkish cattle breeding,” M.S. - Master of Science, Middle East Technical University, 2007.