Three essays on education in Turkey

Bircan, Fatma
This thesis analyzes the pecuniary aspects of education in Turkey. It consists of three essays. The first essay deals with the demand for education, focusing on private tutoring expenditures of households. The study investigates the determinants of private tutoring expenditures of households using a Tobit model as the estimation method. It is found that wealthier households with higher levels of parental education are more likely to participate in private tutoring. The second essay concerns the wage inequality in the male wages in 1994 and 2002. The study found that the differences in the educational attainment levels are a major determinant of wage inequality. However, returns to education declined at each school level from 1994 to 2002. Wage inequality is also found to exist within the same educational categories. The study shows that differences in returns to the same level of education at distinct points of wage distribution became more pronounced in 2002 compared to 1994. Secondary schooling is found to benefit the least able more compared to those positioned in the middle quantiles of ability distribution. The last study in this thesis attempts to elucidate the determinants of self-employment versus wage employment choice and earnings in the two employment states. The study concludes that financial wealth and risk factor are important determinants of self-employment activity. As the educational attainment levels of individuals increase, the likelihood of becoming self-employed decrease. Education increases the earnings of both self-employed and wage earners. However, education returns are higher for the sub-group of wage employees compared to self-employed.


Basic changes in the Iranian education system before and after Islamic Rovolution
Tamer, Yasin; Şen, Mustafa; Department of Middle East Studies (2010)
This thesis analyzes the changes occured in the Iranian education system. The changes occured before and after the Islamic Revolution are main themes. Reform attempts, modernization, westernization, secularization, purification and Islamization of Iranian education system will be discussed along with comments of notable figures. The thesis will also trace the history of modernization and development of Iran as well as introducing political ideas of ruling elites how they defined projects to transform Irania...
The determinants of financial development in Turkey : A principal component analysis
Börü, Mesrur; Erol, Işıl; Department of Economics (2009)
This thesis investigates the determinants of financial development in Turkey. Principle Component Analysis (PCA) is employed in order to examine the main determinants of financial sector development and shed light on the structure of the financial system in Turkey. The empirical studies on financial development suffer from the measurement problem. This study aims to remedy the measurement problem by providing proxies that explain different aspects of financial development more accurately than other proxies ...
An analysis of homeownership profile of Turkey
Koşar, Gizem; Kırdar, Murat G.; Department of Economics (2009)
This thesis analyzes the tenure choice behavior of Turkish household heads over the period between 1985 and 2000, using a method of logit. The probability of owning the housing unit an individual lives in, is modeled by using demographic, labor market, migrational characteristics of the household head and the provincial differences as the explanatory variables. The results show that age and education of the household heads are positively correlated with probability of homeownership and they are the most inf...
Reflections on Teacher Education in Turkey
Çakıroğlu, Erdinç; Çakıroğlu, Jale (Informa UK Limited, 2003-01-01)
The purpose of this paper is to discuss the problems of teacher education in Turkey and also to elaborate on the issues in the teacher education debate that we think are problematic. Our main focus will be on western influence and its consequences in building a relevant teacher education programme in Turkey. The irrelevancy between teacher education programmes and the realities of Turkish schools and the demand for a relevant theoretical base for teacher education were linked to western influence on the kno...
Analysis of Turkey's national innovation system
Çetinkaya, Umut Yılmaz; Çakmur, Barış; Department of Political Science and Public Administration (2004)
This thesis analyses the National Innovation System of Turkey. In order to achieve this purpose, on the one hand, ءcatching-up̕, ءforging ahead̕, and ءfalling behind̕ processes of the countries and their relationships with economic growth, long wave theories, and valid techno-economic paradigm have been studied; while on the other hand, the historical evolution of the science, technology, and innovation systems, are investigated together with foresight studies, which are considered as their guide. In conclu...
Citation Formats
F. Bircan, “Three essays on education in Turkey,” Ph.D. - Doctoral Program, Middle East Technical University, 2005.