An analysis of the relationship between settlements, water resources and rock types in Çankırı province

Bayraktaroğlu, Cüneyt
This study introduces an approach that seeks a possible relationship between settlement locations, water resources and rock types. The method is applied to Çankiri province (central-north Anatolia) which covers approximately an area of 8380 km2. Three main data sets used in this study. These are settlement, water and rock type data.The methodology of the study is composed of five steps. The first step is the conversion of all water data into a standardized point data. Total number of point data for water is 23911 after this step. The second step is to find the distances between water resources and settlements. In the third step the densities of water resources and settlements are derived and then tested for the rock types in particular areas. The fourth step is the overlay analysis in which all three data sets are combined to find preferred and avoided regions of settlements in relation to water resources and rock types. In the last step all analyses are integrated to extract information on effect of two parameters on the selection of a site. The main conclusions derived from the analysis are that: a) the mean and median distances between settlements and water resources are, 285 m and 163 m respectively, b) there is a strong relationship between water resources and settlement area, c) old clastics is the mostly preferred rock type whereas the carbonate rocks are mostly avoided.


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Citation Formats
C. Bayraktaroğlu, “An analysis of the relationship between settlements, water resources and rock types in Çankırı province,” M.S. - Master of Science, Middle East Technical University, 2005.