Contributions of the Ottoman Empire to the construction of Modern Europe

Palabıyık, Mustafa Serdar
This thesis aims to analyze the contributions of the Ottoman Empire to the construction of modern Europe in the early modern period. Conventional historiography generally argues that the Ottoman Empire contributed to the emergence of the modern European identity only through acting as the ءother̕ of Europe. This thesis, however, aims to show that such an analysis is not enough to understand the Ottoman impact on the European state system. Moreover, it argues that the Ottoman Empire contributed to the construction of this system both politically and economically. By depriving the Habsburg Empire of dominating whole continent, Ottoman Empire helped the proto-modern centralizing states, i.e. England, France and the Netherlands, and Protestantism to survive the suppression of the Habsburgs. On the other hand, by granting capitulations to these European states, it contributed to the economies of these states in a way that they could be able to develop their emerging capitalist economies. In all, this thesis concludes that the Ottoman Empire was not a passive actor and an outsider to the European system, acted only as a counter-reference point in the formation of the European identity; rather, it actively involved in the European politics and economics as an active actor.


The Celali effect in 17th century - Ottoman transformation
Cabar, Oğuz; Orbay, Kayhan; Department of History (2018)
This thesis aims to examine the effects of the Celali Revolts -a series of rebellions in Anatolia- in the 17th century Ottoman transformation period. The transformation period refers to a period in which the empire experienced important difficulties and changes in military and financial institutions due to the effects of local developments and external events during the transition from the 16th to the 17th century. In this thesis, the effects of Celali Revolts are examined concentrating especially on demogr...
Understanding the reform process of the Ottoman diplomacy : a case of modernization?
Erülker, Cem; Kahraman, Sevilay; Department of European Studies (2015)
The reasons that forced the Ottoman Empire to change its conventional method of diplomacy starting from late 18th century will be examined in this Thesis. In the first part, the basis of diplomacy and foreign policy will be examined with given political understandings and practices on certain issues drawn mainly from the European diplomatic history. In the second part, history of the Ottoman Empire would be mentioned briefly since it serves as the general contextual framework for understanding the need of r...
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Erkurt, Beyhan; Aytekin, Erden Attila; Department of Political Science and Public Administration (2013)
This thesis examines world-system inspired historiography on transition to capitalism in the Ottoman Empire that has been developed as a criticism of the modernization theory that was dominant in the analyses of the Ottoman transformation. It is argued that although the world system inspired analyses overcome the restrictions imposed by the modernization analyses that are based on the deficiencies of Ottoman society compared to the West, they are also crippled with their own restrictions. Considering change...
The Evolution and professionalization of economic thought from the late Ottoman empire to the Turkish Republic: the case of İbrahim Fazil Pelin
Aslanmirza, Burak; Zorlu Durukan, Şefika Akile; Department of History (2018)
The Anglo-Ottoman Trade Convention of 1838 – usually regarded as a milestone in the Ottoman Empire’s integration process to capitalism and the liberal world – also presents a landmark for the germination of Ottoman intellectuals’ interest in European economic thought and the acceleration of intellectual discussions on the subject thanks to the rise of private press. However, the transformation of economic thought from being the object of intellectual interest to being a separate discipline, accordingly its ...
Power politics in the Ottoman balkan provinces : a case study of Pazvandoğlu Osman
Üstündağ, Nagehan; Çelik, Birten; Department of History (2006)
This thesis analyzes the life and power politics of Pazvandoğlu Osman, Ayan of Vidin, in the 18th century with references to the changes in the Ottoman provincial administration experienced between the 17th and 18th centuries. Osman̕s relations with the Ottoman central government and the policy that the latter followed towards him will also be given to show the Ottoman methods of coping with the oppositional groups in the provinces in the case of Pazvandoğlu Osman in the 18th and 19th centuries. Moreover hi...
Citation Formats
M. S. Palabıyık, “Contributions of the Ottoman Empire to the construction of Modern Europe,” M.S. - Master of Science, Middle East Technical University, 2005.