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Development of masonry house wall strengthening techniques against earthquakes using scrap tires

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2005
Gölalmış, Mustafa
About half of the building stock in Turkey is masonry type and one fourth of the building stock is one-storey brick type masonry buildings. Especially the rural masonry houses are commonly constructed by their own residents without any engineering knowledge. Traditional masonry houses usually have heavy roofs which generate large lateral forces on walls during earthquakes. Readily available retrofitting techniques are mostly complicated and costly making it not feasible for uneducated poor residents to strengthen their own houses. The aim of this thesis is to develop a new alternative strengthening technique using scrap tires that is economic and easy to apply on the walls of one-story masonry houses. In order to investigate the usage of scrap tires for masonry wall post-tensioning, forty three scrap tire rings (STRs) from nine different brands and nine rim-rings direct tension experiments were conducted. The average tensile load capacities of STRs and rim-rings were found as 132.6 kN and 53 kN, respectively. Six strip walls (i.e., four brick- and two briquette-walls) strengthened by applying post-tensioning loads with STCs and hybrid system were tested in out-of-plane bending direction. The out-of-plane capacity of the brick and briquette walls increased up to about 9 times and 5 times with respect to their nominal capacities, respectively. Finally, two-full scale traditional masonries were tested by the tilting table. The capacity of strengthened house increased 75% with respect to the unstrengthened one. The results obtained form the conducted tests are highly promising and suggest that the method can be used as a low-cost and simple strengthening technique for seismically deficient single storey, masonry type houses.