Development of a stability analysis program for block type quay walls and comparison of block placing methods

Nergiz, Cengiz
Block type quay walls are commonly used as berthing structures both in Turkey and worldwide. In this study, stability analysis of block type quay wall is carried out using pseudo-static method. A computer program named QSAP (using Excel spreadsheet) has been developed for the design of block type quay walls. QSAP has been prepared based on the rules of Turkish Seismic Design Codes for Coastal Structures, 2008. Reliability of this program is verified by a comparative study of Derince Port block type quay wall, damaged in Marmara earthquake (1999), with manual solution and field measurements. A newly introduced placement methodology “Knapsack” is also studied with QSAP and the results are compared with the conventional placement method.


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Located on one of the highly active seismic fault systems in the world, the building stock in Turkey is mainly composed of reinforced concrete frames with 4-5 stories. Due to design and construction deficiencies resulting from the use of unqualified personnel and insufficient supervision, many of these buildings lack lateral stiffness, ductility and strength. For many structures, there is a need to alleviate these deficiencies by means of some rehabilitation techniques prior to earthquakes. One approach als...
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Lateral load carrying capacities of reinforced concrete structures which are designed by considering only gravity loads or according to outdated earthquake codes can be insufficient. The most important problem for these buildings is the limited ductility of the frame elements. How to evaluate the performance of an existing structure and to what level to strengthen it had been major concerns for structural engineers. Recent earthquakes which occurred in the Marmara Region in the last decade have increased th...
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Non-ductile reinforced concrete frame buildings constitute an important part of the vulnerable buildings in seismic regions of the world. Collapse of non-ductile multi story concrete buildings during strong earthquakes in the past resulted in severe casualties and economic losses. Their rehabilitation through retrofitting is a critical issue in reducing seismic risks worldwide. A displacement-based retrofitting approach is presented in this study for seismic retrofitting of medium height non-ductile concret...
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Multi-story reinforced concrete tunnel form buildings are one of the common structural types in regions prone to high seismic risk due to the buildings inherent earthquake resistance and ease of construction. Despite their good performance during earthquakes in 1999 in Turkey, and abundance of such structures scattered worldwide, current seismic codes and design provisions provide insufficient guidelines for their seismic design. As a compensatory measure, a series of modal and nonlinear static analyses are...
Citation Formats
C. Nergiz, “Development of a stability analysis program for block type quay walls and comparison of block placing methods,” M.S. - Master of Science, Middle East Technical University, 2010.