Structural and thermal characterization of polymers via pyrolysis mass spectrometry

Argın, Emir
In the first part of this study, the structtural and thermal characterization of electrochemically and chemically polymerized poly(paraphenylene vinylene), (PPV), have been investigated by direct pyrolysis mass spectrometry. Thermal characteristics, and degradation products of electrochemically prepared poly(paraphenylene vinylene). Pyrolysis study indicated that thermal decomposition of PPV occurs at least two steps. The first being due to the loss of supporting electrolyte present and the second being decomposition of the polymer backbone.In the second part of the study, direct insertion probe pyrolysis mass spectrometry (DIP-MS) technique was used to perform the thermal and the structural characterization of electrochemically synthesized polyaniline,PANI. The effect of dopant used (HCL, HNO3 and H2SO4) and synthesis period have been investigated. For all the samples studied, three main thermall degradation stages have been recorded; evolution of low molecular weight species, evolution of dopant based products and evolution of degradation products of polymer.


Pyrolysis mass spectrometric analysis of copolymer of polyacrylonitrile and polythiophene
Oğuz, Gülcan; Hacaloğlu, Jale; Department of Polymer Science and Technology (2004)
In the first part of this work, the structural and thermal characteristics of polyacrylonitrile, polyacrylonitrile films treated under the electrolysis conditions in the absence of thiophene, polythiophene and the mechanical mixture and a conducting copolymer of polyacrylonitrile/polythiophene have been studied by pyrolysis mass spectrometry technique. The thermal degradation of polyacrylonitrile occurs in three steps; evolution of HCN, monomer, low molecular weight oligomers due to random chain cleavages a...
Nanocomposites based on blends of polyethylene
Işık, Fatma; Yılmazer, Ülkü; Department of Chemical Engineering (2005)
In this study the effects of compatibilizer type, organoclay type, and the addition order of components on the morphological, thermal, mechanical and flow properties of ternary nanocomposites based on low density polyethylene, LDPE were investigated. As compatibilizer, ethylene/methyl acrylate/glycidyl methacrylate, ethylene/glycidyl methacrylate, and ethylene/butyl acrylate/maleic anhydride; as organoclay Cloisite? 15A, Cloisite? 25A and Cloisite? 30B were used. All samples were prepared by a co-rotating t...
Thermal characterization of phenol and bisphenol-A based polybenzoxazines
Bagherifam, Shahla; Hacaloğlu, Jale; Department of Polymer Science and Technology (2009)
Although, several researches on synthesis and characterization of benzoxazines and polybenzoxazines have appeared in the literature, detailed studies on thermal characterization are still limited. In this study, polymerization and thermal degradation mechanisms of benzoxazines were investigated via direct pyrolysis mass spectrometry. Benzoxazine monomers prepared by reactions of phenol or bisphenol- A with aniline or methyl amine were analyzed to investigate the effects of the structures of phenyl and amine...
Polymerization and polymer characterization of n-vinylcaprolactam
Polat, Özlem; Usanmaz, Ali; Department of Polymer Science and Technology (2005)
In this study, N-vinylcaprolactam was polymerized by radiation in the solid state. The polymerization was carried out at room temperayure under vacuum and open to atmosphere respectively. The polymerization mechanism showed autoacceleration and the rate of polymerization was higher in the presence of oxygen. However the limiting conversion was 100% under vacuum conditions and 90% in the present of oxygen. This is due to the low molecular weight olgomer formation in the presence of oxygen. The polymers were ...
Preparation and characterization of thermally stable organoclays and their use in polymer based nanocomposites
Abdallah, Wissam; Yılmazer, Ülkü; Department of Chemical Engineering (2010)
The present study was aimed at exploring the purification and modification of montmorillonite rich Turkish bentonites by organic salts and their subsequent effects on the morphology (X-diffractometry, transmission electron microscopy, scanning electron microscopy), melt flow index, mechanical (Tensile, Impact) and especially thermal stability (thermal gravimetric analysis, differential scanning calorimetry) properties of polymer/organoclay nanocomposites with and without an elastomeric compatibilizer. The b...
Citation Formats
E. Argın, “Structural and thermal characterization of polymers via pyrolysis mass spectrometry,” M.S. - Master of Science, Middle East Technical University, 2005.