The mid-nineteenth century Ottoman Bulgaria from the viewpoints of the French travelers

Tanır, Engin Deniz
This thesis deals with Bulgaria under the Ottoman rule in the second and third quarters of the 19th century. The sources used in this study are the works of 18 French travelers who have explored this region in that period. In this work the data collected by the French travelers, their impressions on the people and the region are evaluated. The thesis analyses Bulgaria under the last days of the Ottoman rule and assesses the outlook of Bulgaria regarding its demographic situation, the characteristics of its peoples, religous communities, and with the developments in agriculture, industry and trade through the French traveler's outlook.


The Celali effect in 17th century - Ottoman transformation
Cabar, Oğuz; Orbay, Kayhan; Department of History (2018)
This thesis aims to examine the effects of the Celali Revolts -a series of rebellions in Anatolia- in the 17th century Ottoman transformation period. The transformation period refers to a period in which the empire experienced important difficulties and changes in military and financial institutions due to the effects of local developments and external events during the transition from the 16th to the 17th century. In this thesis, the effects of Celali Revolts are examined concentrating especially on demogr...
Contributions of the Ottoman Empire to the construction of Modern Europe
Palabıyık, Mustafa Serdar; Yurdusev, Ahmet Nuri; Department of International Relations (2005)
This thesis aims to analyze the contributions of the Ottoman Empire to the construction of modern Europe in the early modern period. Conventional historiography generally argues that the Ottoman Empire contributed to the emergence of the modern European identity only through acting as the ءother̕ of Europe. This thesis, however, aims to show that such an analysis is not enough to understand the Ottoman impact on the European state system. Moreover, it argues that the Ottoman Empire contributed to the constr...
The Story of Istanbul's Modernisation
Tekeli, İlhan (2010-01-01)
Since reform started under Ottoman rule in the early 19th century, Istanbul has undergone a substantial period of modernisation that has spanned more than 150 years. ilhan Tekeli outlines the metropolis' enduring development, characterising Istanbul's transformation into a modern city into four distinct periods. It is a story that bridges the collapse of the Ottoman Empire and the reconstruction of the Turkish Republic as a nation-state, with the initial demise of the city in favour of Ankara; and continues...
The Rise of Ottoman İzmir as a commercial center
Atik, Tuğçe; Tülüveli, Güçlü; Department of Middle East Studies (2014)
This thesis aims to study external and internal factors which contributed to the rise of İzmir as one of the most important commercial city of the Ottoman Empire from the seventeenth century onwards. In this study, it is argued that beside the political and economic changes took place in the Ottoman Empire, transformations in the world economy affected the rise of İzmir port.
The interplay between Turkish and Hungarian nationalism : Ottoman pan-Turkism and Hungarian turanism (1890-1918)
Oğuz, Alaattin; Tokluoğlu, Ayşe Ceylan; Department of Sociology (2005)
This thesis dealt with the issues of the emergence of Pan-Turkism in Ottoman Empire and of Pan-Turanism in Hungary between the years 1890 and 1920. The theoretical discussion and literature review related to the subject exhibited that these two nationalisms were possible only when a state bureaucrats and intellectuals try to save the state from collapse and make discussions on the national issues, or when a state elites and noble classes aim to use national ideology for protecting the state from external th...
Citation Formats
E. D. Tanır, “The mid-nineteenth century Ottoman Bulgaria from the viewpoints of the French travelers,” M.S. - Master of Science, Middle East Technical University, 2005.