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Evaluation of metal concentrations in groundwater nearby Soma coal-fired power plant

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2005
Sası, Gıuma
In this work, metal pollution in groundwater near by Soma coal-fired power plant was invistigated. Coal combustion results in huge amounts of bottom ash from which metals can originate and migrate to groundwater and pollute it. Forty groundwater samples were collected from water wells in an area near by the power plant to determine 14 metals namely; Na, Ca, K, Mg, Al, Ba, Fe, Zn, Cu, Pb, Cr, Cd, Ni and V. Samples were collected in polyethylene bottles, the pH of the water was measured. Then, the samples were acidified and stored to be analyzed. FAAS, FAES, GFAAS and ICP-AES were used to determine the elements. The results were compared with the WHO, the Turkish and EC guidelines for drinking water quality. Fe concentrations in 12 wells were higher the three guidelines. Zn concentrations in 5 wells were higher than the EC guidelines, but not higher than the Turkish guidelines. Pb concentrations was less than all guilelines but it was relatively high in 8 wells. The other anthropogenic elements were lower than all guidelines but these metals tend to accumulate and they will exceed the guildlines overtime. Enrichment factor calculations showed that the anthropogenic elements were enriched in the regions close to the ash piles pointing out that the ash piles are the main source of these elements. Factor analysis was applied and four main factors of the determined metals were found indicating that the power plant and the ash piles are the main source for the anthropogenic elements.