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Experimental investigation of the agitation of complex fluids

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2006
Yazıcıoğlu, Özge
In this study, agitation of solutions using different impeller and tank geometry were investigated experimentally in terms of hydrodynamics, macromixing time and aeration characteristics. In the first set of experiments a cylindrical vessel equipped with two types of hydrofoil and a hyperboloid impeller or their combinations were used. Vessel and impeller diameters and water level were 300, 100 and 300 mm, respectively. At the same specific power consumption, 163 W/m3, the so called “hydrofoil 1” impeller provided the shortest mixing time at 7.8 s. At the top hydrofoil 1 impeller submergence of 100 mm, the hyperboloid impeller combination of it was the most efficient by a mixing time of 10.0 s at 163 W/m3. Ultrasound Doppler velocimetry and the lightsheet experiments showed that the hydrofoil 1, hydrofoil 2 impellers and the stated impeller combination provided a complete circulation all over the tank. Macromixing measurements were performed in square vessel for Generation 5 low and high rib and Generation 6 hyperboloid impellers. Vessel length, impeller diameters and water level were 900, 300 and 450 mm, respectively. At the same specific power consumption, 88.4 W/m3, Generation 6 mixer provided the lowest mixing time at 80.5 s. Aeration experiments were performed in square tank for Generation 5 low rib and Generation 6 hyperboloid impellers equipped with additional blades. With increasing flow number, the differences between the performances at different rotational speeds became smaller for each type of mixer. At similar conditions the transferred oxygen amount of Generation 6 impeller was about 20% better.