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Microstructure development in nickel zinc ferrites

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2005
Okatan, Mahmut Barış
Nickel zinc ferrites (NZF) have been considered as one of the basic components in high frequency electromagnetic applications especially in the field of telecommunications. In the present study, the aim was to produce high quality nickel zinc ferrite ceramics at low soaking temperatures. For this purpose, conventional ceramic manufacturing method based on mixed oxide precursors was followed using calcium fluoride, CaF2, as sintering additive. During the sintering studies, it was noticed that both the microstructure and the electromagnetic properties of the NZF ceramics were modified to a great extent by CaF2. Therefore, material characterization studies involving microstructural, dielectric and magnetic properties were conducted with respect to CaF2 content of ceramics and soak duration. The results showed that due to the presence of CaF2 in ceramics, significant improvements were achieved not only in kinetics of sintering but also in the parameters; DC electrical resistivity, dielectric constant and dielectric loss factor. For example, 1.0 wt% CaF2 added NZF ceramic produced in this study had a DC electrical resistivity of 1011 ?-cm which was أ100,000ؤ times bigger than the one attained in pure NZF ceramic. On the other hand, the dielectric constant exhibited a flat behavior up to 40 MHz with a value around 16. In addition, no resonance peak was observed in dielectric loss factor spectra, and the typical values of dielectric loss factor lied below 0.01. Besides the achievements mentioned, the magnetic properties such as relative magnetic loss factor and hysteresis parameters were also improved.