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Preparation of PLZT thin films by chemical solution deposition and their characterization

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2005
Kaplan, Burkan
In this study, La3+ was substituted into lead zirconate titanate (PZT) system by Pb1-xLax(ZryTi1-y)1-x/4O3 nominal stochiometry and it was processed via chemical solution deposition on (111)-Pt/Ti/SiO2/Si-(100) substrate.PLZT solutions were prepared by mixing two solutions, one of which was obtained by dissolving lead acetate and lanthanum acetate hydrate in 2 methoxyethanol at high temperature. This solution was then mixed with the second solution containing zirconium propoxide and titanium isopropoxide. 40ml/0.4M solution was prepared and spin coated on Pt/Ti/SiO2/Si substrates at 3000 rpm for 30 seconds. After 4 coating cycles, film thickness was reached to 600 nm. A systematic study was carried out in different regions of PLZT phase diagram tetragonal, rhombohedral and on the morphotropic phase boundry (MPB) to obtain optimized results of ferroelectric, dielectric and optical properties of the material. During the period of the work, effect of parameters on these properties such as heat treatment conditions, chemical composition of the film, microstructure and thickness of the film was investigated. The films were characterized structurally and electrically. For structural properties, X-ray diffraction technique (XRD), energy dispersive spectrometry (EDS) and Scanning Electron Microscope (SEM) were used to observe phases and surface characterization. For electrical measurements, ferroelectric tester was used to obtain dielectric constant, loss tangent and hysteresis curves. Optical transmittance of the films was also investigated by UV-VIS Spectrophotometer and optical film constants were calculated by modified envelope method. It was observed that the optimum heat treatment conditions were achieved at 7500C for 3 hours. The highest ferroelectric and dielectric properties such as remanent polarization and dielectric constant were obtained using that temperature.