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Separation and quantitation of some platinum group metals by rp-hplc

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2004
Alshana, Usama
In this study, a reversed-phase high performance liquid chromatography (RP-HPLC) method has been developed to separate and determine Pt and Pd after formation of their chelates with N,N-diethyl-N'-benzoylthiourea (DEBT). With the aim of reducing the number of steps in treating the samples, the method developed does not require the elimination of excess chelating reagent before the analysis of metal chelates. The different physical and chemical parameters affecting separation were examined in details. The whole analysis was completed on a C18 column in 16 min at 280 nm, with the mobile phase of acetonitrile-methanol-water (80:10:10, v:v:v) containing 0.20 mol l-1 pH 5.0 acetate buffer at a flow rate of 0.8 ml min-1. Detection limits of the method, based on 3s, were found as 14.2 ug l-1 for Pd and 0.77 mg l-1 for Pt using a 20-ul sample loop. Reproducibility of the method for ten repeated measurements was found as 2.36 % for 0.60 mg l-1 Pd and 2.58 % for 10.0 mg l-1 Pt as % RSD. The proposed method is a rapid, simple and highly selective method for the simultaneous determination of Pt and Pd by HPLC without the need for any interference elimination process.