Analysis of self-processing mechanism of galactose oxidase by site-directed mutagenesis and heterologous expression in Escherichia Coli

Gençer, Burçak
In this study, self-catalytic maturation of heterologously expressed pro-galactose oxidase was analysed in E.coli by altering some amino acids which were supposed to play a crucial role in pro-peptide removal. Galactose oxidase (GOase; EC from Fusarium graminearum; having a molecular mass of 68kDa, is a monomeric, copper containing enzyme with an unusual thioether bond. The enzyme is produced as a precursor with an additional 8 amino acid pre- and a 17- amino acid pro-sequence at the N terminus. Previous work has shown that the pre-peptide is removed possibly by a protease during secretion, whereas the 17 amino acid pro-peptide is removed autocatalytically by the aerobic addition of Cu2+ to the precursor, preceding the formation of the thioether bond at the active site. The pro-gao gene was on ProGON1 and ProGOMN1 constructs which were previously established on pET101/D/lacZ vector in England by directed evolution. ProGON1 contains silent mutations at the N-terminus different from native galactose oxidase whereas ProGOMN1 has six further mutations within the mature enzyme, providing high expression. The cleavage site mutations R-1P/A1P, R-1X/A1X, S2A, and the H522A mutation just against the cleavage site in the three dimensional configuration, were carried out by site-directed mutagenesis. Those and some extra mutations were confirmed by DNA sequence analysis. Next, mutant galactose oxidases were expressed in E. coli BL21 Star (DE3), and were purified by Strep-Tactin® Sepharose® column, operating on the basis of affinity chromatography. Subsequently, SDS-PAGE was performed to analyze self-processing by detecting molecular mass difference of protein bands resulting from pro-sequence removal or existence. When the bands obtained in SDS-PAGE were compared, it was seen that the products of original recombinant plasmids, i.e. ProGON1, ProGOMN1; and the mutational


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Özdoğan, Seda; Kocabıyık, Semra; Department of Biology (2004)
In this study, a strategy called gene splicing by overlap extension, 3Gene SOEing4, was used for the construction of the fusion proteins with the purpose of increasing the thermostability of mesophilic enzymes by incorporation of stability domain from a thermostable enzyme. Gene SOEing is a PCR-based approach for recombining DNA molecules at precise junctions irrespective of nucleotide sequences at the recombination site and without the use of restriction endonucleases or ligase. In fusion constructs, as th...
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In this study, Scytalidium thermophilum laccase gene was first cloned into E. coli and then heterologously expressed in A. sojae. S. thermophilum is a thermophilic fungus with an important role in determining selectivity of compost produced for growing Agaricus bisporus. S. thermophilum laccase gene was first cloned by Novo Nordisk Bio Tech, Inc. in 1998. This laccase gene (lccS) has an open reading frame of 2092bp. It is composed of five exons punctuated by four small introns. The coding region, excluding ...
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Tomato, which is one of the most important component of human diet, has been genetically modified to develop some properties like delayed ripening and insect resistance. In order to give a choice to the consumer, it is necessary to detect and label GM foods. This study was carried out to detect genetically modified tomato samples purchased from different food markets of Turkey. PCR method was used to detect genetically modified insect resistant tomatoes. The DNAs of collected samples were isolated according...
Citation Formats
B. Gençer, “Analysis of self-processing mechanism of galactose oxidase by site-directed mutagenesis and heterologous expression in Escherichia Coli,” M.S. - Master of Science, Middle East Technical University, 2005.