Technological characteristics of abrick masonry structure and their relationship with the structural behaviour /

Aktaş, Yasemin Didem
The aim of this study is to investigate the physical and mechanical properties of construction materials in relation with the structural behaviour of a historic structure. Within this framework, the brick masonry superstructure of Tahir ile Zuhre Mescidi, a XIIIth century Seljuk monument in Konya was selected as case study. The study started with the determination of the basic physical (bulk density, effective porosity, water absorption capacity), mechanical (modulus of elasticity, uniaxial compressive strength), durability and pozzolanic properties of original brick and mortar by laboratory analysis. The obtained data was utilized as material information at the modelling of superstructure, by means of structural analysis software, SAP2000. At the modelling stage, finite element method was used and the complexity of masonry in terms of nonlinearity and heterogeneity was taken into account within practical limits. The constructed model was investigated under dead load, wind load, snow load, temperature load and earthquake load and their possible combinations. Structural investigation was continued with two scenarios representing possible wrong interventions i.e. completion of the partially collapsed superstructure with concrete and the concrete coating over superstructure. These cases were investigated under uniform and randomly distributed temperature loads. The results approved the safety of the superstructure under normal service conditions, defined as the appropriate combinations of dead load, snow load, wind load and temperature load. The structure appeared to be safe under the earthquake load too. The analyses carried out to simulate the inappropriate restoration works demonstrated the structural damage formations at the original structure.


Shape optimization of wheeled excavator lower chassis
Özbayramoğlu, Erkal; Söylemez, Eres; Department of Mechanical Engineering (2008)
The aim of this study is to perform the shape optimization of the lower chassis of the wheeled excavator. A computer program is designed to generate parametric Finite Element Analysis (FEA) of the structure by using the commercial program, MSC. Marc-Mentat. The model parameters are generated in the Microsoft Excel platform and the analysis data is collected by the Python based computer codes. The previously developed software Smart Designer [5], which performs the shape optimization of an excavator boom by ...
Experimental and numerical failure analysis of advanced composite structures with holes
Atar, Mehmet Bilal; Parnas, Kemal Levend; Department of Mechanical Engineering (2016)
In this work, a design methodology for advanced composite structures with holes is presented. A three dimensional finite element model (FEM) is constructed to simulate such a structural application similar to weight-pockets in helicopter blades. Material properties are obtained by a material characterization study. The progressive failure method with FEM is used for the material degradation. In order to induce delamination in simulation, cohesive layers are implemented between composite layers. Results are ...
Analytical solution for single phase microtube heat transfer including axial conduction and viscous dissipation
Barışık, Murat; Güvenç Yazıcıoğlu, Almıla; Department of Mechanical Engineering (2008)
Heat transfer of two-dimensional, hydrodynamically developed, thermally developing, single phase, laminar flow inside a microtube is studied analytically with constant wall temperature thermal boundary condition. The flow is assumed to be incompressible and thermo-physical properties of the fluid are assumed to be constant. Viscous dissipation and the axial conduction are included in the analysis. Rarefaction effect is imposed to the problem via velocity slip and temperature jump boundary conditions for the...
Mixed mode fatigue crack growth path and life prediction under variable amplitude loading through extended finite element method
Dirik, Haydar; Yalçınkaya, Tuncay; Department of Aerospace Engineering (2017)
The main purpose of this study is to predict the crack growth path trajectories and fatigue crack growth (FCG) life under variable amplitude loading (VAL) by using Extended Finite Element Method (XFEM). For this purpose a computational algo- rithm is developed in Fortran which interacts with a commercial finite element soft- ware (Abaqus) and automatically propagates cracks which is initially modelled as stationary crack. Nasgro FCG equation is used for FCG life calculation which has a great accuracy among t...
Computational Methods for Inclined Cracks in Orthotropic Functionally Graded Materials Under Thermal Stresses
Dağ, Serkan; TOPAL, SERRA (2013-10-03)
This article sets forth two different computational methods developed to evaluate fracture parameters for inclined cracks lying in orthotropic functionally graded materials, that are under the effect of thermal stresses. The first method is based on the J(k)-integral, whereas the second entails the use of the J(1)-integral and the asymptotic displacement fields. The procedures introduced are implemented by means of the finite element method and integrated into a general purpose finite element analysis softw...
Citation Formats
Y. D. Aktaş, “Technological characteristics of abrick masonry structure and their relationship with the structural behaviour /,” M.S. - Master of Science, Middle East Technical University, 2006.