Anaerobic treatment of opium alkaloid wastewater and effect of gamma-rays on anaerobic treatment

Özdemir, Recep Tuğrul
In this study, anaerobic treatability of opium alkaloid wastewater and the effect of radiation pretreatment (gamma-rays) on anaerobic treatability were investigated. Biochemical Methane Potential (BMP) assay was performed with alkaloid wastewater having initial COD values of 2400, 6000 and 9600 mg/L with and without basal medium (BM). The highest anaerobic treatment efficiency of 77% was obtained in the BMP reactor containing alkaloid wastewater with initial COD of 9600 mg/L and BM. Co-substrate use was investigated by using BMP assay. Alkaloid wastewater having initial COD concentrations of 9000, 13000 and 18000 mg/L were used with glucose, acetate and glucose-acetate as co-substrates. Results revealed that co-substrate use did not improve alkaloid removal efficiency significantly but it abrogated the acclimation period of anaerobic bacteria to alkaloid wastewater. Continuous reactor experiments were carried out in Upflow Anaerobic Sludge Blanket (UASB) reactors. Highest overall efficiencies (above 80%) were obtained in the reactor fed with co-substrate (R2) for all initial COD concentrations. Up to 78% removal efficiency was obtained in R1 (fed with alkaloid wastewater only) at initial COD concentration of 19 g/L. Effect of radiation was sought by using BMP assay with two initial COD concentrations of 14 and 25 g/L, and two radiation doses 40 and 140 kGy. At 14 g/L COD, there was no effect of radiation on gas production for both doses. However at initial COD of 25 g/L, reactors containing wastewater dosed with 140 and 40 kGy produced gas with higher rates above certain point with respect to raw wastewater.


Aerobic biological treatment of opium alkaloid wastewater-effect of gamma radiation and fenton's oxidation as pretreatment
Bural, Cavit Burak; Dilek, Filiz Bengü; Department of Environmental Engineering (2008)
In this study, aerobic biological treatment of opium alkaloid wastewater and the effect of gamma preirradiation and fenton’s oxidation were investigated. First, the biodegradability of alkaloid wastewater was investigated by batch reactors and wastewater was found to be highly biodegradable providing 83 90 % COD degradation. In order to evaluate the effect of irradiation, original wastewater and irradiated wastewaters (40 & 140 kGy) were compared by means of BOD5/COD values and through aerobic batch experi...
Temporal variations and sources of organic pollutants in two urban atmopsheres: Ankara and Ottawa
Oğuz Kuntasal, Öznur; Tuncel, Süleyman Gürdal; Department of Environmental Engineering (2005)
This study aimed at providing a thorough understanding of temporal and spatial variations of VOCs and underlying factors in different microenvironments in two different urban atmospheres, with different degrees of regulatory enforcement. The VOC data were collected in field campaigns conducted in Ankara, Turkey, and Ottawa, Canada over the years 2000-2004. Insight into the sources of VOCs in different urban atmospheres was sought by using three commonly used receptor models namely; Positive Matrix Factoriza...
Treatability of chromite ore processing waste by leaching
Ünlü, Kahraman (SAGE Publications, 2001-06-01)
Developing treatment and disposal strategies and health-based clean-up standards for chromium containing wastes continues to be an important environmental regulatory issue because of the opposing solubility and toxicity characteristics of chromium species under diverse environmental conditions. In this study, leaching characteristics of total Cr and Cr(VI) were investigated using laboratory column studies. The data obtained from the experimental studies were analysed to assess the treatability of chromite o...
Disinfection by-products formation in low - bromide and low - suva waters
Ateş, Nuray; Yetiş, Ülkü; Department of Environmental Engineering (2008)
The main objective of this study was to conduct a systematic investigation of the disinfection by-products (DBPs) formation in low-bromide and low- specific ultraviolet absorbance (SUVA) waters and the control of DBP precursors by nanofiltration (NF) and ultrafiltration (UF) processes in such waters. To this end, firstly, the effect of bromide ion on the formation and speciation of DBPs was investigated. In fractionated Alibeyköy source water, increasing bromide concentrations in NOM fractions increased con...
Nitrogen and phosphorus recovery from anaerobic co-digestion residues of poultry manure and maize silage via struvite precipitation
Yılmazel Tokel, Yasemin Dilşad (SAGE Publications, 2013-08-01)
Anaerobic digestion is commonly used for the stabilization of agricultural and animal wastes. However, owing to the stringent environmental criteria, anaerobic digester effluents need to be further treated to reduce nutrient loads to the receiving water bodies. Struvite precipitation is one of the promising techniques applied for this purpose. Yet, in the majority of cases, struvite precipitation is only applied to the liquid phase of anaerobic digester effluents. This study investigated the recovery of nut...
Citation Formats
R. T. Özdemir, “Anaerobic treatment of opium alkaloid wastewater and effect of gamma-rays on anaerobic treatment,” M.S. - Master of Science, Middle East Technical University, 2006.