Aerobic biological treatment of opium alkaloid wastewater-effect of gamma radiation and fenton's oxidation as pretreatment

Bural, Cavit Burak
In this study, aerobic biological treatment of opium alkaloid wastewater and the effect of gamma preirradiation and fenton’s oxidation were investigated. First, the biodegradability of alkaloid wastewater was investigated by batch reactors and wastewater was found to be highly biodegradable providing 83 90 % COD degradation. In order to evaluate the effect of irradiation, original wastewater and irradiated wastewaters (40 & 140 kGy) were compared by means of BOD5/COD values and through aerobic batch experiments. Results indicated that irradiation imparted no further enhancement in biodegradability. Sequencing batch reactor (SBR) studies revealed that the treatment operation was not possible due to sludge settleability problem observed beyond an influent COD value of 2 g/L. Possible reasons for problem were investigated, and the high molecular weight, larger size and aromatic structure of the organic matters present in wastewater was thought to contribute to poor settleability characteristics. Some operational modifications including phosphate buffer addition cured the settleability problem. Influent COD was then increased to 5,000 mg/L. Significant COD removal efficiencies (> 70 %) were obtained in SBRs fed with both original and irradiated wastewaters. Preirradiated wastewater provided a better settling sludge in comparison to original wastewater. Degradation of the complex structure was followed by GC/MS analyses, particle size measurements and enhancement in filterability. Pre-irradiation enhanced the filterability of wastewater more than Fenton’s treatment and degradation by irradiation was proved by GC/MS analyses.


Anaerobic treatment of opium alkaloid wastewater and effect of gamma-rays on anaerobic treatment
Özdemir, Recep Tuğrul; Dilek, Filiz Bengü; Department of Environmental Engineering (2006)
In this study, anaerobic treatability of opium alkaloid wastewater and the effect of radiation pretreatment (gamma-rays) on anaerobic treatability were investigated. Biochemical Methane Potential (BMP) assay was performed with alkaloid wastewater having initial COD values of 2400, 6000 and 9600 mg/L with and without basal medium (BM). The highest anaerobic treatment efficiency of 77% was obtained in the BMP reactor containing alkaloid wastewater with initial COD of 9600 mg/L and BM. Co-substrate use was inv...
Disinfection by-products formation in low - bromide and low - suva waters
Ateş, Nuray; Yetiş, Ülkü; Department of Environmental Engineering (2008)
The main objective of this study was to conduct a systematic investigation of the disinfection by-products (DBPs) formation in low-bromide and low- specific ultraviolet absorbance (SUVA) waters and the control of DBP precursors by nanofiltration (NF) and ultrafiltration (UF) processes in such waters. To this end, firstly, the effect of bromide ion on the formation and speciation of DBPs was investigated. In fractionated Alibeyköy source water, increasing bromide concentrations in NOM fractions increased con...
Aerobic Bacterial Degraders With Their Relative Pathways for Efficient Removal of Individual BTEX Compounds
Yavas, Alper; İçgen, Bülent (Wiley, 2018-11-01)
Benzene, toluene, ethylbenzene, and xylene (BTEX) compounds are of great environmental concern due to their toxicity and carcinogenicity. Bacterial removal of BTEX has proven to be highly efficient, cost-effective, and nondisruptive, provided that, efficient bacterial degraders are available. The objective of this study, therefore, is to discover aerobic bacterial degraders with their relative pathways that could be employed for the efficient removal of individual BTEX compounds. A total of 22 petroleum hyd...
Effect of Anaerobic Azo Dye Reduction on Continuous Sludge Digestion
Ozkan-Yucel, Umay Gokce; Gökçay, Celal Ferdi (Wiley, 2014-10-01)
Effect of continuous feeding of a reactive azo dye, reactive orange 107, and its hydrolyzed form (HRO107), on a conventional anaerobic digester was investigated in this study together with observation of change in microbial community. Laboratory-scale digesters were fed with waste activated sludge and azo dye for 575 days continuously. The influent concentrations of reactive azo dye were between 200 and 3200 mg/L. The digester performance was not adversely affected by azo dye and its reduction metabolites t...
Anaerobic treatment of dilute wastewaters
Alptekin (Ener), Emel; Demirer, Göksel Niyazi; Department of Environmental Engineering (2008)
In this study, domestic wastewater was used to determine the anaerobic treatment performances of a dilute wastewater in one-phase upflow anaerobic sludge blanket (UASB) system and two-phase upflow anaerobic filter (UAF) and UASB system. The acidification performances of domestic wastewater were compared in UAF and UASB reactors. The degree of acidification is higher in UAF reactor (31%) compared to UASB reactor (18%) at 2 h hydraulic retention time (HRT) in the anaerobic treatment of domestic wastewaters. T...
Citation Formats
C. B. Bural, “Aerobic biological treatment of opium alkaloid wastewater-effect of gamma radiation and fenton’s oxidation as pretreatment,” M.S. - Master of Science, Middle East Technical University, 2008.