Immobilization of invertase, polyphenol oxidase and glucose oxidase n conducting copolymers of thiophene-capped polytetrahydrofuran and pyrrole

Download
2005
Böyükbayram, Ayşe Elif
Immobilization of invertase, polyphenol oxidase (PPO) and glucose oxidase (GOD) enzymes were performed in electrochemically synthesized two types of conducting copolymers. One end and two end thiophene-capped polytetrahydrofuran (TPTHF-1 and TPTHF-2) were copolymerized with pyrrole under conditions of constant potential electrolysis. The copolymers were characterized by thermal, spectroscopic and scanning electron microscopy analyses. Immobilization was carried out via entrapment of enzymes in two types of matrices during the copolymerization of pyrrole with the insulating polymers in the presence of sodium dodecyl sulphate (SDS). Kinetic parameters: Maximum reaction rate (Vmax) and Michaelis-Menten constant (Km) were determined for the enzyme electrodes. Temperature optimization, pH optimization, operational stability and shelf-life of the enzyme electrodes were investigated. Enzyme electrodes of polyphenol oxidase and glucose oxidase were used to determine the amount of their substrates in samples. Polyphenol oxidase converts mono and diphenols to quinone. Amount of phenolic compounds in two kinds of wines were determined by analyzing the quinone amount. Glucose oxidase converts ?-D-glucose to D-glucono-1,5-lactone. Glucose amount was determined in two kind of factory-produced orange juices by analyzing D-glucono-1,5-lactone.

Suggestions

Immobilization of glucose oxidase and polyphenol oxidase in poly(N-(4-(3-thienyl methylene)-oxycarbonylphenyl) maleimide)-co-pyrrole) matrice
Çil, Mahmut; Toppare, Levent Kamil; Department of Chemistry (2006)
In this study, glucose oxidase and polyphenol oxidase were immobilized in conducting copolymer poly(N-(4-(3-thienyl methylene)-oxycarbonylphenyl)maleimide)-co-pyrrole(P(MBThi-co-Py)). A copolymer was electrochemically synthesized by using sodium dodecyl sulfate (SDS) as supporting electrolyte and characterized by FTIR, scanning electron microscopy (SEM) and conductivity measurements. Immobilization of glucose oxidase (GOD) and polyphenol oxidase (PPO) enzymes were performed in conducting PPy and P(MBThi-co-...
Modified acrylic hydrogels as controlled release systems
Pınardağ, Fatma Esra; Hasırcı, Nesrin; Department of Chemistry (2006)
In this study, pH-sensitive poly(acrylamide-co-acrylic acid) hydrogels were synthesized as controlled release systems in the presence of N,N-methylene bisacrylamide as crosslinker and ammonium persulfate as initiator. A set of hydrogels were used in the form they were prepared. One set of hydrogels were prepared as porous networks by incorporating sodium chloride into the reaction medium and then leaching of it after the completion of polymerization reaction. Two sets of hydrogels were modified by argon-pla...
Synthesis and characterization of polythiophene/montmorillonite and polythiophene/polypropylene composites
Dülgerbaki, Çiğdem; Küçükyavuz, Zuhal; Department of Chemistry (2006)
In this study, polythiophene(PTP)/montmorillonite(MMT) nanocomposites were synthesized by in situ intercalative polymerization and chemical oxidative polymerization. In in situ intercalative polymerization method, composites containing 90 and 95% MMT were prepared. In chemical oxidative polymerization method, a series of composites ranging from 1 to 15% by weight MMT were synthesized. Thermal and morphological properties of samples were investigated by Differential Scanning Calorimeter (DSC), Thermal Gravim...
Covalent immobilization of glucose isomerase on poly(2-hydoxyethyl methacrylate) particles
Yıldız, Ümit Hakan; Hasırcı, Nesrin; Department of Chemistry (2004)
In this study, poly (2-hydroxyethyl methacrylate), P(HEMA), particles were prepared by suspension polymerization of the monomer 2-hydroxyethyl methacrylate with addition of ethylene glycol dimethyacrylate, EGDMA, as cross linker. Glucose isomerase, GI, enzyme was covalently immobilized on the prepared P(HEMA) particles after activation of the particles with cyanuric chloride. The activities of the free and immobilized enzymes were measured with Ethanol-Carbazole method. The immobilization of GI on P(HEMA) p...
Synthesis of a new thiophene derivative and its uses as an electrochromic device component
Yiğitsoy, Başak; Toppare, Levent Kamil; Department of Chemistry (2006)
2,5-Di(thiophen-2-yl)-1-p-tolyl-1H-pyrrole (DTTP) was synthesized via reaction of 1,4-di(2-thienyl)-1,4-butanedione with p-toluidine in the presence of catalytical amount of p-toluenesulfonic acid (PTSA). Homopolymer P(DTTP) was achieved both by chemical and electrochemical techniques. Chemical polymerization of the monomer yielded a soluble polymer. The average molecular weight was determined by gel permeation chromatography (GPC) as Mn: 2.5x103 g/mol. The monomer was electrochemically polymerized in the p...
Citation Formats
A. E. Böyükbayram, “Immobilization of invertase, polyphenol oxidase and glucose oxidase n conducting copolymers of thiophene-capped polytetrahydrofuran and pyrrole,” Ph.D. - Doctoral Program, Middle East Technical University, 2005.