Seismic design of cold formed teel structures in residential applications

Uygar, Celaletdin
In this study, lateral load bearing capacities of cold formed steel framed wall panels are investigated. For this purpose lateral load bearing alternatives are analyzed numerically by computer models and results are compared with already done experimental studies and approved codes. In residential cold formed steel construction, walls are generally covered with cladding material like oriented strand board (OSB) or plywood on the exterior wall surface and these sheathed light gauge steel walls behave as shear walls with significant capacity. Oriented strand board is used in analytical models since OSB claddings are most commonly used in residential applications. The strength of shear walls depends on different parameters like screw spacing, strength of sheathing, size of fasteners used and aspect ratio. SAP2000 software is used for structural analysis of walls and joint force outputs are collected by Microsoft Excel. The yield strength of shear walls at which first screw connection reaches its shear capacity is calculated and load carrying capacity per meter length is found. The nonlinear analysis is also done by modeling the screw connections between OSB and frame as non-linear link and the nominal shear capacities of walls are calculated for different screw spacing combinations. The results are consistent with the values in shear wall design Guide and International Building Code 2003. The other lateral load bearing method is flat strap X-bracing on wall surfaces. Various parameters like wall frame section thickness, flat strap area, aspect ratio and bracing number are investigated and results are evaluated. The shear walls in which X-bracing and OSB sheathing used together are also analyzed and the results are compared with separate analyses.


Evaluation of seismic response modification factors for steel frames by non-linear analysis
Bakır, Serhan; Yılmaz, Çetin; Department of Civil Engineering (2006)
In this study steel framing systems are investigated with regards to their lateral load carrying capacity and in this context seismic response modification factors of individual systems are analyzed. Numerous load resisting layouts, such as different bracing systems and un-braced moment resisting frames with various bay and story configurations are designed and evaluated in a parametric fashion. Three types of beam to column connection conditions are incorporated in evaluation process. Frames, designed acco...
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Ünal, Mehmet; Burak Bakır, Burcu; Department of Civil Engineering (2010)
Prior studies indicated that beam-to-column connections of reinforced concrete (RC) moment resisting frame structures experience considerable deformations under earthquake loading and these deformations have a major contribution to story drift of the building. In current analysis and design applications, however, the connection regions are generally modeled as rigid zones and the inelastic behavior of the joint is not taken into account. This assumption gives rise to an underestimation of the story drifts a...
Earthquake performance of un-stiffened thin steel plate shear walls
Mörel, Osman Fuat; Yılmaz, Çetin; Department of Civil Engineering (2004)
In this study two dimensional steel frames, reinforced with un-stiffened thin steel panels, are investigated. In the first part of the study, the strip model, a method for analyzing un-stiffened thin steel plate shear walls, was investigated. Sensitivity studies to investigate the influence of the number of strip members to be used to in the strip model and their angle of inclination were conducted. In the second part, responses of various un-stiffened steel plate shear wall systems to lateral loads were in...
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Özdemir, Kerem Murat; Topkaya, Cem; Department of Civil Engineering (2005)
Lateral torsional buckling should be taken into account during the design of overhanging steel beams. One special type of overhanging beams is the crane trolley monorails. Lateral buckling of overhanging monorails under idealized loading and boundary conditions has been studied in the past using classical mathematical procedures. This thesis aims to present a detailed investigation of overhanging monorails using finite element analysis. Effects of different loading and boundary conditions were studied in de...
Fragility based assessment of lowrise and midrise reinforced concrete frame buildings in Turkey
Ay, Bekir Özer; Erberik, Murat Altuğ; Department of Civil Engineering (2006)
In this study, structural vulnerability of reinforced concrete frame structures by considering the countryspecific characteristics is investigated to manage the earthquake risk and to develop strategies for disaster mitigation. Lowrise and midrise reinforced concrete structures, which constitute approximately 75% of the total building stock in Turkey, are focused in this fragilitybased assessment. The seismic design of 3, 5, 7 and 9story reinforced concrete frame structures are carried out according to the ...
Citation Formats
C. Uygar, “Seismic design of cold formed teel structures in residential applications,” M.S. - Master of Science, Middle East Technical University, 2006.