Copolymerization of carbon disulfide, carbon dioxide and other carbonic acid derivatives with cyclic ethers by using metal xanthate catalysts

Öztürk, Elif
The synthesis of high molecular weight copolymer of carbon disulphide (CS2) and propylene oxide (PO) has not reported in literature. In the present work, zinc isopropyl xanthate (Zn(Xt)2) was used as catalyst for the copolymerisation of PO and CS2 into high copolymer. However, the product can be fractionated into high and low molecular weight components. High molecular weight copolymer was rubbery products, but low molecular weight copolymers were oily products containing cyclic dithiocarbonates. Copolymers were characterized by elemental, end group analysis, DSC, TGA, GPC, Light Scattering, UV, IR, NMR spectroscopy, polarized microscopy and refractometry. Copolymerization process was zeroth order with respect to monomers, and its non-terminated but suffered from several types of transfer reactions. As a result of transfer reactions S-(C=S)-S, O-(C=S)-O, O-(C=O)-O groups in the backbone of copolymer and SH groups at the chain terminals and cyclic dithiocarbonates are formed. Apart from SH groups, OH and double bonds were found and their amounts were determined at the chain terminals. Copolymers with high mole fractions of PO units (F1) in the copolymer are crystallized in the shape of Malta’s Cross. Melting points of products were obtained from DSC. The F1 values are calculated from elemental analysis as well as zeroth order rate constants and from melting point of the crystals. All three results were in close agreement and changed between 0.9 0.7. However, these ratios depend on reaction conditions (temperature, catalyst and monomer concentrations, time and dielectric constant of reaction medium). A mechanism for coordination-copolymerization on the basis of above observation was proposed.


Conductive and electrochromic properties of poly(p-phenylene vinylene)
Öztürk, Tuğba; Küçükyavuz, Zuhal; Department of Chemistry (2005)
P-xylene-bis(diethylsulphonium chloride) (PXBDC) monomer was synthesized by the reaction of a,a-dichloro-p-xylene with tetrahydrothiophene or diethyl sulphide. Electrochemical behavior of this monomer (PXBDC) was examined by cyclic voltametry. Polymerization was achieved both by using electrochemical and chemical polymerization techniques. In the electrochemical technique, PPV was synthesized by constant potential electrolysis in acetonitrile-tetrabutylammonium tetrafluoroborate (TBAFB) solvent-electrolyte ...
Synthesis and characterization of copolymers of diisocyanates and dialcohol
Keskin, Selda; Usanmaz, Ali; Department of Polymer Science and Technology (2008)
This study was aimed to synthesize low molecular weight hydroxyl terminated polyurethane acrylate polymers that can be used in biomedical applications. Acrylate end capping via inter-esterification reaction was successfully achieved with the methacryloyl chloride addition to the hydroxyl ends of the polyurethane at low temperatures. Isocyanate terminated polyurethane acrylates were also synthesized for the sake of comparison. TDI, HDI and MDI were used as diisocyanates for urethane synthesis and they were e...
Immobiliation of glucose oxidase and polyphenol oxidase in conducting copolymer of pyrrole functionalized polystyrene with pyrrole
Ekinci, Olçun; Toppare, Levent Kamil; Department of Chemistry (2006)
Electrochemical polymerization of pyrrole functionalized polystyrene (PStPy) with pyrrole was carried out in water-sodium dodecyl sulfate solvent-electrolyte couple. Characterization of the resulting copolymer was performed via Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR), scanning electron microscopy (SEM) and four probe conductivity measurements. Glucose oxidase and polyphenol oxidase enzymes were immobilized in polypyrrole (PPy) and conducting copolymer of pyrrole functionalized polystyrene with pyrrol...
Synthesis, characterization and electrical properties of diazophenylene and diazodiphenylene bridged co, ni, cu, ce, and er phthalocyanine polymers
Alkan, Cemil; Alkan, Cemil; Department of Polymer Science and Technology (2004)
In this research, diazophenylene and diazodiphenylene bridged metal-phthalocyanine polymers were produced from diazonium salt of diaminophenylene/bensidin and pre-synthesized tetraamino metal phthalocyanines. Tetraamino metal phthalocyanine complexes of Co, Ni, Cu, Ce, and Er were obtained by reducing tetranitro metal phthalocyanine complexes synthesized from 3-nitrophthalic anhydride, urea, metal salt, and ammonium molybdate catalyst. Complexes and polymers were characterized by Fourier Transform Infrared ...
Production and characterization of boron containing flame retardant polyamide-6 and polypropylene composites and fibers
Doğan, Mehmet; Bayramlı, Erdal; Department of Polymer Science and Technology (2011)
The main objective of this study was to produce flame retardant polyamide-6 (PA-6) and polypropylene (PP) composites and fibers containing boron compounds. The synergistic effect on flame retardancy of boron compounds (boron silicon containing oligomer (BSi), zinc borate (ZnB), boron phosphate (BPO4), metal oxide doped BPO4 and lanthanum borate (LaB)) with conventional flame retardants were investigated. The synergistic effect of nano-clay with commercial flame retardants was also investigated in order to r...
Citation Formats
E. Öztürk, “Copolymerization of carbon disulfide, carbon dioxide and other carbonic acid derivatives with cyclic ethers by using metal xanthate catalysts,” Ph.D. - Doctoral Program, Middle East Technical University, 2006.