Development of a physical theory model for the simulation of hysteretic behavior of steel braces

Çalık, Ertuğrul Emre
Bracing members are considered to be effective earthquake-resistant elements as they improve the lateral strength and stiffness of the structural system and contribute to seismic energy dissipation by deforming inelastically during severe earthquake motions. However, the cyclic behavior of such bracing members is quite complex because it is influenced by both buckling and yielding. This thesis presents simple but an efficient analytical model that can be used to simulate the inelastic cyclic behavior of steel braces. This model achieves realism and efficiency by combining analytical formulations with some semi-empirical formulas developed on the basis of a study of experimental data. A brace is idealized as a pin-pin ended member with a plastic hinge located at mid-length of a brace Input parameters of the model are based on only material properties such as steel yield strength and modulus of elasticity as well as geometric properties including cross-sectional area, moment of inertia, etc. The obtained results are verified by the experimental and available analytical results.


An investigation of accuracy of inertial interaction analyses with frequency-independent impedance coefficients
Yılmazok, Özgün; Bakır, Bahadır Sadık; Department of Civil Engineering (2007)
The inertial interaction between the soil and structure alters dynamic response characteristics of a structure due to foundation deformability, such that the flexibility and energy dissipation capability of surrounding soil may lead to a significant increase in period and damping of structural oscillations. The inertial interaction analyses can be accomplished through utilisation of frequency dependent foundation impedance coefficients that are reported in literature for various soil conditions and foundati...
Simple models for drift estimates in framed structures during near-field earthquakes
Erdoğan, Burcu; Gülkan, Polat; Department of Civil Engineering (2007)
Maximum interstory drift and the distribution of this drift along the height of the structure are the main causes of structural and nonstructural damage in frame type buildings subjected to earthquake ground motions. Estimation of maximum interstory drift ratio is a good measure of the local response of buildings. Recent earthquakes have revealed the susceptibility of the existing building stock to near-fault ground motions characterized by a large, long-duration velocity pulse. In order to find rational so...
A detailed analysis for evaluation of the degradation characteristics of simple structural systems
Kurtman, Burak; Erberik, Murat Altuğ; Department of Civil Engineering (2007)
Deterioration in the mechanical properties of concrete, masonry and steel structures are usually observed under repeated cyclic loading in the inelastic response range. Therefore such a behavior becomes critical when these types of structures are subjected to ground motions with specific characteristics. The objective of this study is to address the influence of degrading behavior on simple systems. The Structural Performance Database on the PEER web site, which contains the results of cyclic, lateral-load ...
Development and analytical verification of an inelastic reinforced concrete joint model
Unal, Mehmet; Burak Bakır, Burcu (Elsevier BV, 2013-07-01)
Previous experimental research indicated that beam-to-column connections of reinforced concrete (RC) moment resisting frame structures experience considerable deformations under earthquake loading and these deformations have a major contribution to the story drift of the building. In current analysis and design applications, however, the connection regions are generally modeled as rigid zones and the inelastic behavior of the joint is not considered. This assumption gives rise to an underestimation of the s...
A numerical study on block shear failure of steel tension members
Kara, Emre; Topkaya, Cem; Department of Civil Engineering (2005)
Block shear is a limit state that should be accounted for during the design of the steel tension members. This failure mechanism combines a tension failure on one plane and a shear plane on a perpendicular plane. Although current design specifications present equations to predict block shear load capacities of the connections, they fail in predicting the failure modes. Block shear failure of a structural connection along a staggered path may be the governing failure mode. Code treatments for stagger in a bl...
Citation Formats
E. E. Çalık, “Development of a physical theory model for the simulation of hysteretic behavior of steel braces,” M.S. - Master of Science, Middle East Technical University, 2007.