Target tracking with correlated measurement noise

Okşar, Yeşim
A white Gaussian noise measurement model is widely used in target tracking problem formulation. In practice, the measurement noise may not be white. This phenomenon is due to the scintillation of the target. In many radar systems, the measurement frequency is high enough so that the correlation cannot be ignored without degrading tracking performance. In this thesis, target tracking problem with correlated measurement noise is considered. The correlated measurement noise is modeled by a first-order Markov model. The effect of correlation is thought as interference, and Optimum Decoding Based Smoothing Algorithm is applied. For linear models, the estimation performances of Optimum Decoding Based Smoothing Algorithm are compared with the performances of Alpha-Beta Filter Algorithm. For nonlinear models, the estimation performances of Optimum Decoding Based Smoothing Algorithm are compared with the performances of Extended Kalman Filter by performing various simulations.


Target tracking and sensor placement for doppler–only measurements
Ayazgök, Süleyman; Orguner, Umut; Department of Electrical and Electronics Engineering (2015)
This thesis investigates the problems of target tracking and optimal sensor placement with Doppler-only measurements. First, a single point track initialization algorithm proposed in the literature is investigated for Doppler-only tracking. The initialization algorithm is based on separable least squares method and involves a grid-based optimization. Second, particle filters are considered for Doppler-only tracking and they are compared to an extended Kalman filter (EKF). It is shown that a classical bootst...
Direction finding accuracy of sequential lobing under target amplitude fluctuations
Candan, Çağatay (Institution of Engineering and Technology (IET), 2015-01-01)
Using recently developed statistical target fluctuation models, the accuracy of sequential lobing is analytically studied. The study shows that the sequential lobing method suffers from a significant performance loss, in comparison with the monopulse method, for the Rayleigh fluctuation model. For other fluctuation models, the performance loss gradually decreases as the amplitude spread associated with the fluctuation gets smaller. The present study aims to analytically quantify the mentioned accuracy loss ...
Random Matrix Based Extended Target Tracking with Orientation: A New Model and Inference
Tuncer, Barkın; Özkan, Emre (2021-02-01)
In this study, we propose a novel extended target tracking algorithm which is capable of representing the extent of dynamic objects as an ellipsoid with a time-varying orientation angle. A diagonal positive semi-definite matrix is defined to model objects' extent within the random matrix framework where the diagonal elements have inverse-Gamma priors. The resulting measurement equation is non-linear in the state variables, and it is not possible to find a closed-form analytical expression for the true poste...
Capacitive cmos readout circuits for high performance mems accelerometers
Kepenek, Reha; Külah, Haluk; Department of Electrical and Electronics Engineering (2008)
This thesis presents the development of high resolution, wide dynamic range sigma-delta type readout circuits for capacitive MEMS accelerometers. Designed readout circuit employs fully differential closed loop structure with digital output, achieving high oversampling ratio and high resolution. The simulations of the readout circuit together with the accelerometer sensor are performed using the models constructed in Cadence and Matlab Simulink environments. The simulations verified the stability and proper ...
Radar target detection in non-gaussian clutter
Doyuran, Ülkü; Tanık, Yalçın; Department of Electrical and Electronics Engineering (2007)
In this study, novel methods for high-resolution radar target detection in non-Gaussian clutter environment are proposed. In solution of the problem, two approaches are used: Non-coherent detection that operates on the envelope-detected signal for thresholding and coherent detection that performs clutter suppression, Doppler processing and thresholding at the same time. The proposed non-coherent detectors, which are designed to operate in non-Gaussian and range-heterogeneous clutter, yield higher performanc...
Citation Formats
Y. Okşar, “Target tracking with correlated measurement noise,” M.S. - Master of Science, Middle East Technical University, 2007.