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The impact of identity salience on organizational citizenship behaviors

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2007
Dönmez, Ahmet
Organizational citizenship behaviors are extra-role behaviors that are costless to the organizations; however they play important roles in filling the gaps that are not prescribed in job descriptions or contracts of the employees. Organizational citizenship behaviors are important for lubricated functioning of the organizations. Although there are quite a number of studies on organizational citizenship behaviors, previous research has not considered identity salience among their antecedents. The main purpose of this study was to investigate the relationship between identity salience and organizational citizenship behaviors. The second purpose of this study was to investigate the moderating effect of occupational commitment on the relationship between identity salience and organizational citizenship behaviors. A survey was conducted at the project groups of seven companies and 13 non-profit organizations, each of which has multinational work-force. The number of the participants was 242. After the outlier analyses, 204 cases were left for further study. Regression analyses were performed on the data to test the relations of the variables. In line with the expectations, saliences of gender, national, and occupation identities negatively predicted several dimensions of organizational citizenship behaviors. Contrary to the expectations, occupational commitment did not moderate the relation between identity salience and organizational citizenship behaviors.