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System identification with particular interest on the high frequency radar under ionospheric disturbances

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2007
Büyükpapuşçu, Süleyman Olcay
We have been actively involved in the research and management activities of European Co-Operation in the Field of Scientific and Technical Research (EU COST) actions such as COST 238 Prediction and Retrospective Ionospheric Modeling over Europe (PRIME), COST 251 Improved Quality of Service in Ionospheric Telecommunication System Planning and Operation, COST 271 Effects of the Upper Atmosphere on Terrestrial and Earth-Space Communications, COST 296 Mitigation of Ionospheric Effects on Radio Systems (MIERS) and COST 724 Developing the Scientific Basis for Monitoring, Modeling and Predicting Space Weather. In this thesis High Frequency (3-30 MHz) (HF) radar system under ionospheric disturbances has been identified globally and some operational suggestions have been presented. The use of HF radar system is considered from the identification of ionospheric propagation medium point of view. Doppler velocity is considered as the characteristic parameter of the propagation medium. ap index is chosen as the parameter for disturbance characterization due to geomagnetic storms in the ionosphere. The main difficulty is the scarcity of data, which is rare and confidential. Therefore semi-synthetic data are generated. Dependence of Doppler velocity and group range of the echo signal on ap index is examined and some details of dependence are studied and demonstrated. Thus, effects of space weather on the ionosphere and as a result on HF radar wave propagation are displayed. These results are examples of system identification. This can be used in communication system planning and operation.