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Noise reduction in time-frequency domain

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2007
Kalyoncu, Özden
In this thesis work, time-frequency filtering of nonstationary signals in noise using Wigner-Ville Distribution is investigated. Continuous-time, discrete-time and discrete Wigner Ville Distribution definitions, their relations, and properties are given. Time-Frequency Peak Filtering Method is presented. The effects of different parameters on the performance of the method are investigated, and the results are presented. Time-Varying Wiener Filter is presented. Using simulations it is shown that the performance of the filter is good at SNR levels down to -5 dB. It is proposed and shown that the performance of the filter improves by using Support Vector Machines. The presented time-frequency filtering techniques are applied on test signals and on a real world signal. The results obtained by the two methods and also by classical zero-phase low-pass filtering are compared. It is observed that for low sampling rates Time-Varying Wiener Filter, and for high sampling rates Time-Frequency Peak Filter performs better.