Radar target detection in non-gaussian clutter

Doyuran, Ülkü
In this study, novel methods for high-resolution radar target detection in non-Gaussian clutter environment are proposed. In solution of the problem, two approaches are used: Non-coherent detection that operates on the envelope-detected signal for thresholding and coherent detection that performs clutter suppression, Doppler processing and thresholding at the same time. The proposed non-coherent detectors, which are designed to operate in non-Gaussian and range-heterogeneous clutter, yield higher performance than the conventional methods that were designed either for Gaussian clutter or heterogeneous clutter. The proposed coherent detector exploits the information in all the range cells and pulses and performs the clutter reduction and thresholding simultaneously. The design is performed for uncorrelated, partially correlated and fully correlated clutter among range cells. The performance analysis indicates the superiority of the designed methods over the classical ones, in fully correlated and partially correlated situations. In addition, by design of detectors for multiple targets and making corrections to the conventional methods, the target-masking problem of the classical detectors is alleviated.


Radar target classification method with reduced aspect dependency and improved noise performance using multiple signal classification algorithm
SEÇMEN, MUSTAFA; Sayan, Gönül (Institution of Engineering and Technology (IET), 2009-12-01)
This study introduces a novel aspect and polarisation invariant radar target classification method based on the use of multiple signal classification (MUSIC) algorithm for feature extraction. In the suggested method, for each candidate target at each designated reference aspect, feature matrices called 'MUSIC spectrum matrices (MSMs)' are constructed using the target's scattered data at different late-time intervals. An individual MSM corresponds to a map of a target's natural resonance-related power distri...
ÇULHA, ONUR; Tanık, Yalçın; Department of Electrical and Electronics Engineering (2022-9-1)
In this study, range migration compensation methods in radar detection are examined from two different aspects: proposing novel methods to compromise between computational complexity and detection performance, and investigating range migration compensation under clutter and target fluctuation. We proposed a low complexity implementation of repetitive chirp-z transform (CZT) in order to be employed in Keystone transform and Radon Fourier transform with no loss in performance. Another efficient method has bee...
Fully-Automatic Target Detection and Tracking for Real-Time, Airborne Imaging Applications
Alkanat, Tunc; Tunali, Emre; Oz, Sinan (2015-03-14)
In this study, an efficient, robust algorithm for automatic target detection and tracking is introduced. Procedure starts with a detection phase. Proposed method uses two alternatives for the detection phase, namely maximally stable extremal regions detector and Canny edge detector. After detection, regions of interest are evaluated and eliminated according to their compactness and effective saliency. The detection process is repeated for a predetermined number of pyramid levels where each level processes a...
Design of moving target indication filters with non-uniform pulse repetition intervals
İspir, Mehmet; Candan, Çağatay; Department of Electrical and Electronics Engineering (2013)
Staggering the pulse repetititon intervals is a widely used solution to alleviate the blind speed problem in Moving Target Indication (MTI) radar systems. It is possible to increase the first blind speed on the order of ten folds with the use of non-uniform sampling. Improvement in blind speed results in passband fluctuations that may degregade the detection performance for particular Doppler frequencies. Therefore, it is important to design MTI filters with non-uniform interpulse periods that have minimum ...
Target tracking with correlated measurement noise
Okşar, Yeşim; Demirbaş, Kerim; Department of Electrical and Electronics Engineering (2007)
A white Gaussian noise measurement model is widely used in target tracking problem formulation. In practice, the measurement noise may not be white. This phenomenon is due to the scintillation of the target. In many radar systems, the measurement frequency is high enough so that the correlation cannot be ignored without degrading tracking performance. In this thesis, target tracking problem with correlated measurement noise is considered. The correlated measurement noise is modeled by a first-order Markov m...
Citation Formats
Ü. Doyuran, “Radar target detection in non-gaussian clutter,” Ph.D. - Doctoral Program, Middle East Technical University, 2007.