Gray's value-puralism: a critical analysis

Parmaksız, Abdullah Umut
In this study, John Gray’s theory of value-pluralism is critically analyzed. Gray’s modus vivendi, based on Isaiah Berlin’s criticism of monism, is a theory that aims to create the conditions in which peace and diversity in late-modern societies can be protected. Gray argues that a legally pluralistic system where collectives have autonomy is more serving to peace than its liberal alternatives. This study argues that Gray fails to achieve its goal of promoting diversity. This is due to the fact that Gray’s theory does not recognize ‘personal autonomy’ and ‘right of exit’ as standards for a legitimate regime. It is argued in this study that without ‘personal autonomy’ and ‘right of exit’, legally pluralist systems curb the conditions that makes diversity possible and thereby work at the expense of diversity rather than for diversity.


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Demirsöz, Talat; Ayvaşık, H. Belgin; Department of Psychology (2007)
The purpose of the present study was to examine the underlying mechanism of memory distrust as a function of repeated checking in a nonclinical student sample. Recent literature proposes that repeated checking increases familiarity with the material checked. Then, familiarity makes the recollections less vivid and detailed. Afterwards, this condition promotes distrust in memory. Before the experimental phase of the study, Padua Inventory- Washington State University Revision (PI-WSUR) and demographic inform...
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The aim of the present study was to test the effect of visual perspective on the actor-observer bias. For this aim, we examined the effects of different visual perspectives on individuals' external and internal attributions. In addition to this, we examined the presence or absence of an attitude change toward the death penalty due to participants' visual perspective. One week before the experiment, we measured the participants' attitudes toward the death penalty. Then, during the experiment, films produced ...
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The aim of this study was to explore the differences between high and low scorers of Future Time Orientation in Romantic Relationships (FTORR) on the three subscales of the minding scale, namely Acceptance, Knowledge, and Attribution. Undergraduate students (N = 160) from Middle East Technical University were given the FTORR scale developed by Oner (2000b) together with the Minding Scale developed by Omarzu, Whalen and Harvey (2001). Results indicated an interaction effect between subscales of the minding s...
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Theoretical and empirical studies on wisdom continue to interest researchers in various fields. Studies have long pointed out the empirical operationalization of the construct, which has been speculated on since ancient Greece. In addition to numerous theoretical conceptualizations and operational measures, investigations between wisdom and other variables such as positive human traits, dispositional, situational, and environmental variables have helped us understand the concept better. The wisdom developme...
Citation Formats
A. U. Parmaksız, “Gray’s value-puralism: a critical analysis,” M.S. - Master of Science, Middle East Technical University, 2007.